tenant farming encouraged the rise of a new class of wealthy

47 results for tenant farming encouraged the rise of a new class of wealthy

  • vLex Rating
  • Love, Loyalty and the Louisiana Civil Code: Rules, Standards and Hybrid Discretion in a Mixed Jurisdiction

    Introduction. I. Preliminary Title: Thinking about Rules and Standards. A. Rule Based Decision Making. B. Standard Based Decision Making. C. Rationales for Rules and Standards. 1. Justification #1: Fairness. 2. Justification #2: Efficiency. 3. Justification #3: Promotion of Democratic Governance. II. Book One: Marriage and Divorce. A. Entrance into Marriage. B. Matrimonial Regimes and Community...

  • INFILL: NEW HOUSING FOR TWENTY-FIRST-CENTURY AMERICA.

    ...But the population rise understates the rapid increase in the need for ... service economy, including the "creative class" economy highlighted by sociologist Richard ... "conservation" area, designed mainly for farming, with tight restrictions on new construction. ...For example, wealthy Bethesda's recent rise in population stands in ... that low-cost housing would be greatly encouraged by a large-scale reform of zoning, especially in ... housing: techniques such as subsidies, tenant assistance, and Mount Laurel-type legal ...

  • The new minimal cities.

    ... residents--not as individuals, but as a class--are entitled to have a 911 emergency system that ... a warranty of habitability to protect tenants, (309) we have never had a collective public ..., http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/15/us/crime-rises-in-san-bernardino-after-bankruptcy.html. The ..., Council OKs Sale of 1,500 Lots for Urban Farming Project, Detroit Free Press, Dec. 11, 2012, ... investment and reinvestment is not encouraged"); Detroit Future City: Detroit Strategic ...In Miller's terms, every wealthy taxpayer pays into such subsidy pools regardless ...

  • We Want What's Ours: Learning from South Africa's Land Restitution Program.

    ...(1) The Takings Clause is a classic example of such a provision. (2) The takings ... livelihoods forged from subsistence farming on simple, but highly valued, plots of land. ... opposed to land claims, and many were encouraged to change their pending land claims into ..., and may include the interest of a labour tenant and sharecropper, a customary law interest, the ...1989). . (24.) See DavidWelsh, The Rise and Fall of Apartheid 55 (2009). . (25.) Here, ...pp. 139-41 (discussing the benefits to wealthy or well-connected individuals of having a lawyer ...

  • PREQUEL TO HOMESTEAD.

    ... to home ownership, home ownership is encouraged. (37) Increasing the incidence of home ownership ... the original acquisition of a homestead give rise to a vendor's lien which is excepted from the ... creditors in the code, one must first classify the exemptions. Historically, it has been ... of homestead property titled as joint tenants with rights of survivorship can--despite its ..., two ploughs, one harrow, and other farming utensils, including tackle for teams, not ... Wilson, Note, More Than Just a Boon to Wealthy Debtors: How Texas Homestead Law Helped Insulate ...

  • Markets, democracy, and ethnicity: toward a new paradigm for law and development.

    ... source of mass conflict than, for example, class or religion.(21) . Part II describes the ...Section B will describe the rise and fall of the early law and development ... may simply have been "bought out" by the wealthy minority. Or he may have been subject to ... their land ownership and influence over tenants. Well before Ferdinand Marcos's crony ...-breeding way of life.(458) Russian farming settlements thwarted Kazakh migration by ... language schools in Kazakhstan are now encouraged to stay open.(508) Finally, while significant ...

  • 158 F.3d 92 (2nd Cir. 1998), 97-7503, Kessler v. Grand Cent. Dist. Management Ass'n, Inc.

    ... entity that disproportionately affects one class of GCBID constituents, and that GCDMA's system ... representatives of owners and tenants within the [BID], provided, however, that not ..., storage, and distribution of water for farming.. It provides no other general public services ...See Richard Briffault, The Rise of Sublocal Structures in Urban Governance, 82 ... possession of the most privileged and wealthy in our society. See, e.g., Ralph Ketcham, James ... practices were not sanctioned or encouraged by the GCDMA itself, such potential episodes ...

  • 67 U.S. 17 (1863), U.s. v. Castillero

    ....  It is watered by several streams, which rise in the mountains and find their outlet at the ... and command that such companies be encouraged, promoted, and protected by all convenient ....  They refer exclusively to a different class . . of applicants; that is to say, those 'who ... eleven leagues of good, level farming land to any one who would undertake to build a ... of reproach and severe criticism, the wealthy proprietors who have worked this mine . . ..., usually beyond the control of the tenant, and the occurrence of which could not be imputed ...

  • Unamerican tail: of segregation and multicultural education.

    ...His conviction that the rise of multicultural education is due to segregation, ... created by the exodus of the white middle class, which dramatically increased the ratio of poor ... blacks from neighborhoods that threatened wealthy city institutions and relocated them in high ... by refusing to rent to a black tenant if he would have rented to a white tenant with ..., while expanded mechanization in Southern farming constricted demand for rural labor, industry in ... and the state legislature actively encouraged the perpetuation of segregation in the Yonkers ...

  • The liberal commons.

    ...) This claim--a truism of first-year law classes--is usually introduced as one of the strongest ... facilitates trust, which, in turn, gives rise to economic success. And economic success tends ...Farming, from all reports, is a chancy business. If ..., contracting separately with each tenant, may be better able to maximize aggregate tenant ... encourages partition sales by favoring wealthy investors who can write off certain losses in ... sufficiently light that overuse is encouraged, CUNNINGHAM ET AL., supra note 240, [sections] ...

  • Canons of property talk, or, Blackstone's anxiety.

    ...'s moves have ripened into three classic strategies for modern property scholarship: the ... avoid conflicts with one another and encouraged them to labor on the things to which they now ... is the so-called "revolution" in landlord-tenant law, whose subject is the estate for years, known ... the matter with that optimism: However wealthy and happy the institution of property might make ... on the greater productivity of private farming over collective farming in socialist or formerly ...MANCUR OLSON, THE RISE AND DECLINE OF NATIONS: ECONOMIC GROWTH, ...

  • Four land ethics: order, reform, responsibility, opportunity.

    ... the land was actually used by the feudal tenants.(38) . Social class distinctions were not purely ...A minor baron who married into the wealthy gentry and whose land happened to include what ... be able to charge rent; this "rent would rise on the land previously cultivated, and precisely ..., he forced his children to clear land for farming while he read the Bible.(162) One commentator ...While his two eldest daughters encouraged such a division, promising their father that they ...

  • Women and globalization: the failure and postmodern possibilities of international law.

    ...First, from a "classic perspective," the Author contends that ...In even the poorest states, wealthy elite import Western luxuries.(53) States that ... sector."(108) This term includes "farming, cottage industries, tool-making and ... she lived with the two girls.(154) The tenant and her teenage son occupied the apartment's two ...Women's relative pay has risen somewhat faster in Asia and Latin America than ... how a group of low-income women, encouraged to form a loosely knit consciousness-raising ...

  • Estate Tax Changes Past, Present and Future

    I. INTRODUCTION - This outline is a selective and evolving review of the history of the modern federal estate tax. It originated during the attempts to repeal the estate tax in President Clinton’s second term and accelerated with the one-year (2010) “repeal” enacted in 2001. A discussion of current developments begins with Part XVII.D on page 106, and a discussion of...

  • Estate Tax Changes Past, Present and Future

    INTRODUCTION - This outline is a selective and evolving review of the history of the modern federal estate tax. It originated during the attempts to repeal the estate tax in President Clinton’s second term and accelerated with the one-year (2010) “repeal” included in the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001. A discussion of the most current developments,...

  • Estate Tax Changes Past, Present and Future

    I. INTRODUCTION - This outline is a selective and evolving review of the history of the modern federal estate tax. It originated during the attempts to repeal the estate tax in President Clinton’s second term and accelerated with the one-year (2010) “repeal” enacted in 2001. A discussion of currently pending and proposed developments begins with Part XIX on page 138. II....

  • Estate Tax Changes Past, Present, and Future

    I. INTRODUCTION - This outline is a selective and evolving review of the history of the modern federal estate tax. It originated during the attempts to repeal the estate tax in President Clinton’s second term and accelerated with the one-year (2010) “repeal” enacted in 2001. A discussion of currently pending and proposed developments begins with Part XIX on page 129. II....

  • Estate Tax Changes Past, Present, and Future

    I. INTRODUCTION - This outline is a selective and evolving review of the history of the modern federal estate tax. It originated during the attempts to repeal the estate tax in President Clinton’s second term and accelerated with the one-year (2010) “repeal” enacted in 2001. A discussion of currently pending and proposed developments begins with Part XIX on page 129. II....

  • Estate Tax Changes Past, Present, and Future

    I. INTRODUCTION - This outline is a selective and evolving review of the history of the modern federal estate tax. It originated during the attempts to repeal the estate tax in President Clinton’s second term and accelerated with the one-year (2010) “repeal” enacted in 2001. A discussion of currently pending and proposed developments begins with Part XVIII on page 118. II....

  • Estate Tax Changes Past, Present and Future July 2018

    I. INTRODUCTION - This outline is a selective and evolving review of the history of the modern federal estate tax. It originated during the attempts to repeal the estate tax in President Clinton’s second term and accelerated with the one-year (2010) “repeal” enacted in 2001. A discussion of recent, pending, and proposed developments begins with Part XIX on page 129. II. PAST

  • Estate Tax Changes Past, Present and Future October 2018

    I. INTRODUCTION - This outline is a selective and evolving review of the history of the modern federal estate tax. It originated during the attempts to repeal the estate tax in President Clinton’s second term and accelerated with the one-year (2010) “repeal” enacted in 2001. A discussion of recent, pending, and proposed developments begins with Part XIX on page 129. II. PAST

  • Estate Tax Changes Past, Present and Future September 2018

    I. INTRODUCTION - This outline is a selective and evolving review of the history of the modern federal estate tax. It originated during the attempts to repeal the estate tax in President Clinton’s second term and accelerated with the one-year (2010) “repeal” enacted in 2001. A discussion of recent, pending, and proposed developments begins with Part XIX on page 129. II....

  • Estate Tax Changes Past, Present and Future

    I. INTRODUCTION - This outline is a selective and evolving review of the history of the modern federal estate tax. It originated during the attempts to repeal the estate tax in President Clinton’s second term and accelerated with the one-year (2010) “repeal” enacted in 2001. A discussion of recent, pending, and proposed developments begins with Part XIX on page 129. II....

  • Estate Tax Changes Past, Present, and Future (Updated)

    I. INTRODUCTION - This outline is a selective and evolving review of the history of the modern federal estate tax. It originated during the attempts to repeal the estate tax in President Clinton’s second term and accelerated with the one-year (2010) “repeal” enacted in 2001. A discussion of recent, pending, and proposed developments begins with Part XIX on page 129. II. PAST

  • Estate Tax Changes Past, Present, and Future (Updated)

    I. INTRODUCTION - This outline is a selective and evolving review of the history of the modern federal estate tax. It originated during the attempts to repeal the estate tax in President Clinton’s second term and accelerated with the one-year (2010) “repeal” enacted in 2001. A discussion of recent, pending, and proposed developments begins with Part XIX on page 129. II....