ratner v loudoun county public schools
- 534 U.S. 1114 (2002), 01-746, Ratner v. Loudoun County Public Schools
Schooling at Risk
For much of the nation's history, states excluded entire groups of students from mainstream public-school classrooms based on classifications of race or disability. Although Brown vs. Board of Education and its progeny, as well as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, now prohibit the most blatant and egregious forms of this type of exclusion, a new version has emerged. Over the last...
Equality of Opportunity and the Schoolhouse Gate.
The Schoolhouse Gate: Public Education, the Supreme Court, and the Battle for ... the Supreme Court has addressed in schools: racial segregation, funding, immigration, free ..., a decade after Yudof's critique, Gershon Ratner argued that standards-based reform had shown that ...County School Board in 1968. (232) Driver rightly ...at 847. . (177.) See, e.g., Ratner v. Loudoun Cty. Pub. Sch., 16 F. App'x 140, 141 (4th Cir. ...
Returning "decision" to school discipline decisions: an analysis of recent, anti-zero tolerance legislation.
INTRODUCTION . Public school districts across America are evaluating ... to expulsions mandated by the Gun-Free Schools Act of 1994, (3) many states required expulsion ...The Fourth Circuit, in Ratner v. Loudoun Cnty. Pub. Sch., held that it was not .... (92.) See id. The teachers in Bibb County, Georgia, reported feeling pressure not to report ...
The zero-tolerance discipline plan and due process: elements of a model resolving conflicts between discipline and fairness.
The last two decades have seen public schools increasingly seeking effective means to ... of the 51,000-student Prince William County School District in Virginia, says that ... true story of thirteen-year-old Benjamin Ratner in the case of Ratner v. Loudoun County Schools. ...
Selling state borders.
... it, treaties are "made with a view to the public welfare, by the superior power, either for ... them to pay new taxes, attend new schools, and so on. And yet there is no constitutional ...1998) (establishing the boundary between Loudoun County, Virginia, and Jefferson County, West ...See generally Steven R. Ratner, Drawing a Better Line: Uti Possidetis and the ...
Thirty-second selected bibliography on computers, technology and the law.
... Trustees: Restricting Internet Access in Public Libraries, 67 UMKC L. REV. 731 (1999). 1.3 ...Matthew Thomas Kline, Mainstream Loudoun v. Board of Trustees of the Loudoun County ...Clement, The State of Technology in U.S. Schools: Making Counts of Technology/Making Technology ...L.J. 691 (1999). 10.3 Space Law Stacy J. Ratner, Note, Establishing the Extraterrestrial: ...