open ballot system

4770 results for open ballot system

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  • 504 U.S. 191 (1992), 90-1056, Burson v. Freeman

    ...         Today, we confront the issue carefully left open in Mills. The question presented is whether a provision of the ...The opportunities that the viva voce system gave for bribery and intimidation gradually led to its repeal. ee generally E. Evans, A History of the Australian Ballot System in the United States 1-6 (1917) (Evans); J. Harris, ...

  • 552 U.S. 442 (2008), 06-713, Washington State Grange v. Washington State Republican Party

    ... the Ninth Circuit invalidated Washington's blanket primary system on [128 S.Ct. 1186] the ground that it was nearly identical to ... that candidates must be identified on the primary ballot by their self-designated party preference; that voters may vote ... association when it required the Boy Scouts to accept an openly gay scoutmaster. The scoutmaster's presence "would, at the very ...

  • 540 U.S. 93 (2003), 02-1674, McConnell v. Federal Election Commission

    ... loophole had led to a meltdown of the campaign finance system; and discussed potential reforms, including a soft money ban and .... . appears on the ballot"; (3) any "public communication" that "refers to a clearly ... the date when aggregate disbursements exceed $10,000 would open a significant loophole without the advance disclosure ...

  • 431 U.S. 209 (1977), 75-1153, Abood v. Detroit Board of Education

    ... in the full range of political and ideological activities open to other citizens. Pp. 227-232.         2. The ... State of Michigan has enacted legislation authorizing a system for union representation of local governmental employees. A union ...         I.         After a secret ballot election, the Detroit Federation of Teachers (Union) was ...

  • 558 U.S. 310 (2010), 08-205, Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission

    ... movies shown through video-on-demand because this delivery system has a lower risk of distorting the political process than do ... Austin interferes with the "open marketplace" of ideas protected by the First Amendment. New York .... . in political decisions at the ballot box," Civil Service Comm'n v. Letter Carriers , 413 U.S. 548, ...

  • 504 U.S. 428 (1992), 91-535, Burdick v. Takushi

    ... vote and to have candidates of their choice placed on the ballot. Because the State's election laws provide easy access to the ...Accordingly, the mere fact that a State's system "creates barriers . . . tending to limit the field of candidates ... election ballot, a candidate must participate in Hawaii's open primary, "in which all registered voters may choose in which ...

  • 393 U.S. 544 (1969), 3, Allen v. State Board of Elections

    ..., illiterate voters who request assistance in marking ballots. Appellants sought a declaratory judgment in the District Court ... a three-judge court places a burden on our federal court system, and may often result in a delay in a matter needing swift [89 ... in a State that says the registration office shall be open only 1 day in 3, or that the hours will be so restricted, I do ...

  • 460 U.S. 780 (1983), 81-1635, Anderson v. Celebrezze

    ... in March in order to appear on the general election ballot in November. On April 24, 1980, petitioner Anderson announced ...The "Ohio system thus denies the `disaffected' not only a choice of leadership, ... on public issues should be uninhibited, robust, and wide-open," New York Times Co. v. Sullivan , 376 U.S. 254, 270 (1964) -- ...

  • 435 U.S. 765 (1978), 76-1172, First National Bank of Boston v. Bellotti

    ... authorization of placement of the proposal on the ballot and its submission to the voters was too short for appellants to ... Cf. Columbia Broadcasting System v. Democratic National Comm. , 412 U.S. 94, 124-125 (1973); 14 ... to express their views without, at the same time, opening the door to similar restraints on media conglomerates with their ...

  • 521 U.S. 702 (1997), 96-110, Washington v. Glucksberg

    ...Swift, A System of the Laws of the State of Connecticut 304 (1796). This ...In 1991, Washington voters rejected a ballot initiative which, had it passed, would have permitted a form of ... decisionmaking in this unchartered area are scarce and open-ended." Collins, 503 U.S., at 125. By extending constitutional ...

  • 403 U.S. 431 (1971), 5714, Jenness v. Fortson

    ... of the winning candidate for each office is printed on the ballot. A nominee of a "political body" or an independent candidate may ...If they choose the latter course, the way is open. For Georgia imposes no suffocating restrictions whatever upon ...        The open quality of the Georgia system is far from merely theoretical. For the stipulation of facts in ...

  • 372 U.S. 368 (1963), 112, Gray v. Sanders

    ... Executive Committee, from using Georgia's county unit system as a basis for counting votes in a Democratic primary election ... equal to every other voter in his State when he casts his ballot in favor of one of several competing candidates underlies many of ... was that the validity of this County Unit System was not open to serious constitutional doubt. 3 This estimate of the earlier ...

  • 321 U.S. 649 (1944), 51, Smith v. Allwright

    ..., respectively, of that precinct, to give petitioner a ballot or to permit him to cast a ballot in the primary election of July ... by any law to determine its own membership" was lift open. Id., 84-85.        In Grovey v. Townsend , 295 U.S. ...         We think that this statutory system for the selection of party nominees for inclusion on the general ...

  • 531 U.S. 98 (2000), 00-949, Bush v. Gore

    ... Court ordered, inter alia, that manual recounts of ballots for the recent Presidential election were required in all Florida ... in the exercise of their expertise, may develop different systems for implementing elections. Instead, we are presented with a ... appointed to discern the intent of the voter in a process open to the public. Fairness dictates that a provision be made for ...

  • 509 U.S. 630 (1993), 92-357, Shaw v. Reno

    ... were not developed below, and the issues remain open for consideration on remand. It is also unnecessary to decide at ... power as well as by an absolute prohibition on casting a ballot.". . Allen v. State Bd. of Elections, 393 U.S. 544, 569 (1969) ..., practices such as multimember or at- large electoral systems can reduce or nullify minority voters' ability, as a group, "to ...

  • 345 U.S. 461 (1953), 52, Terry v. Adams

    ... has selected, first in mass meetings but for some time by ballot of its members, persons whom the organization indorses for ... its selection of the candidates to be indorsed; balloting is open only to all white citizens. . of the county qualified under ...Subsequently, the Association developed a system closely paralleling the structure of the Democratic Party. The ...

  • 414 U.S. 51 (1973), 71-1631, Kusper v. Pontikes

    ...Under our political system, a basic function of a political party is to select the ...Button, 371 U.S. at 438. If the State has open to it a less drastic way of satisfying its legitimate interests, ... designed by Illinois to protect the integrity of the ballot box and the party system. The interest asserted by the State is ...

  • 100 U.S. 371 (1880), Ex Parte Siebold

    ... said poll of election, by examining and seeing whether the ballot first voted at said poll of election was pet and placed in a ... such registration or election guarded and scrutinized, shall open the Circuit Court at the most convenient point in the circuit. . ... . in the system of regulations can arise thence; for the power of Congress over ...

  • 478 U.S. 30 (1986), 83-1968, Thornburg v. Gingles

    .... . are not equally open to participation by members of a [protected class] . . . in that ... occur whenever "less than 50% of the white voters cast a ballot for the black candidate." Brief for Appellants 36. Appellants ... 874-876; Davidson 5; Jones, The Impact of Local Election Systems on Black Political Representation, 11 Urb.Aff.Q. 345 (1976); ...

  • 413 U.S. 548 (1973), 72-634, United States Civil Service Commission v. National Association of Letter Carriers

    ..."political activity," the constitutionality of which was left open in United Public Workers v. Mitchell , 330 U.S. 75, was vague ... participation by employees in political decisions at the ballot box and forbids only the partisan activity of federal personnel ...But until after the Civil War, the spoils system under which federal employees came and went, depending upon party ...

  • 837 F.3d 813 (7th Cir. 2016), 16-2350, Bowes v. Indiana Secretary of State

    ... system for the election of such judges, Indiana Code §. ... to access the general election ballot, the law effectively. limited the candidates that could ...That year,. there were sixteen open positions for the Marion Superior. Court. 3 Eleven ...

  • 545 U.S. 1 (2005), 03-1454, Gonzales v. Raich

    ... the statutory goals, Congress devised a closed regulatory system making it unlawful to manufacture, distribute, dispense, or ... product that is used domestically rather than sold on the open market is not subject to federal regulation. Given the CSA's ...30 (1977). . Exercising those powers, California (by ballot initiative and then by legislative codification) has come to its ...

  • 479 U.S. 189 (1986), 85-656, Munro, Secretary of State of Washington v. Socialist Workers Party

    ... candidate's name will be placed on the general election ballot. Appellee Peoples qualified to be placed on the primary election ... the State's interest in the stability of its political system." Id. at 736. There is no indication that we held California to ... for ballot access, in part relying on the fact that "[t]he open quality of the Georgia system [was] far from merely theoretical" ...

  • 369 U.S. 186 (1962), 6, Baker v. Carr

    ... the dismissal of an attack on the Georgia "county unit" system but founded our action on a ground that plainly would not [82 ...Mosley , 238 U.S. 383, or by a stuffing of the ballot box, cf. Ex parte Siebold , 100 U.S. 371; United States v. ... a proposed amendment to the Federal Constitution remained open to ratification, and what effect a prior rejection had on a ...

  • 377 U.S. 533 (1964), 23, Reynolds v. Sims

    ... circumstances which gave rise to the congressional system of representation, arising out of compromise among sovereign ... that the right to have one's vote counted is as open to protection . . . as the right to put a ballot in a box." 238 ...