means of transportation in the past
- 8 C.F.R. 214.2 - Special requirements for admission, extension, and maintenance of status
497 U.S. 720 (1990), 88-2031, United States v. Kokinda
...The sidewalk is the sole means by which customers may travel from the parking lot to the post ...Given the Postal Service's past experience with expressive activity on its property, its judgment ..., although incidental to the provision of public transportation, is a part of the commercial venture. In much the same way that a ...
320 U.S. 591 (1944), 34, Federal Power Commission v. Hope Natural Gas Co.
...Findings of the Commission as to the lawfulness of past" rates held not reviewable under §19(b) of the Act. P. 618. \xC2"... percentage of the natural gas supply for pipeline transportation, had been acquired by a handful of holding companies. 17 State ...The requirement that rates must be "just and reasonable" means just and reasonable in relation to appropriate standards. ...
406 U.S. 272 (1972), 71-123, National Labor Relations Board v. Burns International Security Services, Inc.
... the same tasks at the same place they had worked in the past. The Board, without revision, accepted the trial ... arbitration, to the imposition of compulsory terms as a means of avoiding or terminating labor disputes. In its report ... Overnite Transportation Co., 157 N.L.R.B. 1185 (1966), enforced sub nom. Overnite ...
460 U.S. 37 (1983), 81-896, Perry Education Association v. Perry Local Educators' Association
... bargaining representative is granted access to certain means of communication, while such access is denied to a rival union. ... for First Amendment access purposes than it has in the past treated the military base in Greer . . . , the jail or prison ...852 (U.S.Dept. of Labor, 1977); Dept. of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, 2 FLRA No. 48 (1979). ...
440 U.S. 391 (1979), 77-1327, Lake Country Estates, Inc. v. Tahoe Regional Planning Agency
... to adopt and enforce a regional plan for land use, transportation, conservation, recreation, and public services. Petitioners, ... point out that, because state legislatures have effective means of disciplining their members that TRPA does not have, the threat ... as being "under color of state law." This Court has, in the past, accepted that state regulations are properly considered "state ...
- 20 CFR 416.994a - How we will determine whether your disability continues or ends, and whether you are and have been receiving treatment that is medically necessary and available, disabled children
438 U.S. 265 (1978), 7811, Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
... the special admissions program was not the least intrusive means of achieving the goals of the admittedly compelling state ...V), see, e.g., Franks v. Bowman Transportation Co. , 424 U.S. 747, 772 (176). 18 Cal.3d at 64, 553 P.2d at 1172. ...1, 60-63 (1955). Over the past 30 years, this Court has embarked upon the crucial mission of ...
488 U.S. 469 (1989), 87-998, City of Richmond v. J. A. Croson Co.
..., which accorded great deference to Congress' findings of past societal discrimination in holding that a 10% minority set-aside ... that the city considered using alternative, race-neutral means to increase minority participation in city contracting. Moreover, ... See Hazelwood, supra, at 308; Johnson v. Transportation Agency , 480 U.S. 616, 651-652 (1987) (O'CONNOR, J., concurring ...
413 U.S. 189 (1973), 71-507, Keyes v. School District No. 1, Denver, Colorado
..., the drafting of student transfer policies, the transportation of students, and the assignment of faculty and staff, on racially .... In the past, choices in this respect have been used as a potent weapon for ... is ambiguous as to the specific constitutional right, it means -- as a minimum -- that one has the right not to be compelled by ...
448 U.S. 448 (1980), 78-1007, Fullilove v. Klutznick
... as a condition attached to a federal grant is a valid means to accomplish its constitutional objectives, and the MBE ... Franks v. Bowman Transportation Co. , 424 U.S. 747, 777. Pp. 484-485. (iii) Nor ... price not attributable to the present effects of past discrimination. Moreover, grantees may obtain a waiver if they ...
379 U.S. 241 (1964), 515, Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States
... under the Commerce Clause whether or not the transportation of persons between States is "commercial." P. 256. ... is to commerce "among the several States." The word "among" means intermingled. . . . . * * * *. . . . [I]t may ... evidence before the Congress indicated has been true in the past, 10 they should in the. . future continue to be unable to ...
469 U.S. 528 (1985), 82-1913, Garcia v. San Antonio Transit Authority
... transit authority that is the major provider of transportation in the San Antonio, Tex., metropolitan area. It has received ... a particular function's "traditional" nature was merely a means of determining whether the federal statute at issue unduly ... governmental functions of today have at some time in the past been nongovernmental. The genius of our government provides that, ...
515 U.S. 200 (1995), 93-1841, Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Pena
.... v. . PENA, SECRETARY OF TRANSPORTATION, et al. . Case No. 93-1841 . United States Supreme Court . ... classifications a detailed examination, as to both ends and means. It is not true that strict scrutiny is strict in theory, but ... on the basis of race in order to "make up" for past racial discrimination in the opposite direction. Under the ...
415 U.S. 250 (1974), 72-847, Memorial Hospital v. Maricopa County
... the State, in pursuing its asserted objectives, has chosen means that do not unnecessarily impinge on constitutionally protected ... contributions to the community, particularly through the past payment of taxes. We rejected this "contributory" rationale both ... common to all of them by restraining the transportation of persons and property across its borders. . ...
476 U.S. 267 (1986), 84-1340, Wygant v. Jackson Board of Education
... must be justified by a compelling state purpose, and the means chosen by the State to effectuate that purpose must be narrowly ... to engage in discriminatory hiring and layoff practices long past the point required by any legitimate remedial purpose. Moreover, ... at 484, quoting Franks v. Bowman Transportation Co. , 424 U.S. 747, 777 (1976). 8 [106 S.Ct. 1851] In ...
- 7 C.F.R. § 272.1 - General terms and conditions
491 U.S. 299 (1989), 88-1, Consolidated Rail Corporation v. Railway Labor Executives' Association
..., not to assertion of rights claimed to have vested in the past. . Burley, 325 U.S. at 723. ... See Detroit & T. S. L. R. Co. v. Transportation Union , 396 U.S. 142 (1969) (upholding status quo injunction ... impermissibly adds drug testing to the list of available means for the enforcement of Rule G. C. ...
402 U.S. 1 (1971), 281, Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education
... Policy and practice with regard to faculty, staff, transportation, extracurricular activities, and facilities are among the most ... that the racial composition does not result from present or past discriminatory action on their part. Pp. 25-26. ... "Desegregation" means the assignment of students to public schools and within such ...
541 U.S. 509 (2004), 02-1667, Tennessee v. Lane
..."a congruence and proportionality" between an injury and the means adopted to prevent or remedy it. Id. at 520. Applying the ... of Tennessee and a number of Tennessee counties, alleging past and ongoing violations of Title II. Respondents, both of whom are ..., the removal of architectural, communication, or transportation barriers, or the provision of auxiliary aids and services, mee[t] ...
505 U.S. 1003 (1992), 91-453, Lucas v. South Carolina Coastal Council
.... . during the past forty years" in the region of the Isle of Palms that includes ... a "practical ouster of [the owner's] possession." Transportation Co. v. Chicago, 99 U.S. 635, 642 (1879). See also Gibson v. ... the purposes behind the Beachfront Management Act or the means chosen by the South Carolina Legislature to effectuate those ...
541 U.S. 752 (2004), 03-358, Department of Transportation v. Public Citizen
... on the environment which results from the incremental impact of the action when added to other past, present, and reasonably foreseeable future actions regardless of what agency (Federal or ... . action." § 93.152. The term "indirect emissions" means covered emissions that. (1) Are caused by the Federal action, but may occur later ...
499 U.S. 365 (1991), 89-1671, City of Columbia v. Omni Outdoor Advertising, Inc.
... would swallow up the Parker rule if "conspiracy" means nothing more than agreement to impose the regulation in question, ... indeed such an agreement, presumably motivated in part by past favors in the form of political advertising, in part by ... areas; to facilitate the adequate provision of transportation, water, sewage, schools, parks, and other public requirements. . ...
527 U.S. 471 (1999), 97-1943, Sutton v. United Air Lines
...§12112(a); see also § 12111(2) ("The term 'covered entity' means an employer, employment agency, labor organization, or joint ...Finally, the Secretary of Transportation has authority to issue regulations pertaining to the ... to the basic assurances that the Act affordsfocuses on her past or present physical condition without regard to mitigation that ...
- 14 C.F.R. 1.1 - General definitions