international competition affect domestic antitrust policy

1439 results for international competition affect domestic antitrust policy

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  • A right unexercised is a right lost? Abolishing antidumping in regional trade agreements.

    ...Antidumping and Antitrust: Common Enemies, Divergent Methods III. REGIONAL ...Explaining the Disuse of Competition Law in the Wake of the Prohibition of Antidumping ... of certain imports to protect a domestic industry from a sudden increase in those imports ... through the political process of trade policy making." (47) Similarly, trade remedies might be ... that the Party considers might materially affect the operation of this Agreement or otherwise ... two percent of Chile's total international trade. (132) In 2010, domestic exports from ...

  • Innovation Policy Pluralism.

    ... cost, resulting in deadweight loss that affects both end-users and cumulative innovators. (2) ... become even richer when we consider that domestic innovation policies exist in a globalized world, beneath a layer of international IP law. The international IP framework, we argue, ..., (13) with the number of prize competitions conducted by federal agencies more than doubling ... by related bodies of law such as antitrust. See generally GRAEME B. DINWOODIE & ROCHELLE C. ...

  • Antitrust violations.

    ...Respondeat Superior F. Meeting Competition G. State Action Immunity H. Petitioning the ...State Enforcement C. International Enforcement V. PENALTIES I. INTRODUCTION . The ...'s general business activities must affect interstate commerce, (63) while others hold that ... agent were contrary to general corporate policy, (102) against express instructions, (103) or ... and reasonably foreseeable effect" on domestic or import trade or on a person in the United ...

  • 2014 Niagara moot court competition: the case concerning the Oscar Wilde.

    ... the Facts Sam Chandra and Bill Hayter's Domestic Partnership The Freeze on the Sale of The Oscar ilde C. Sources of International Law 1. General 2. Treaties 3. Customary ..." or whether the practice of particularly affected states, e.g. in the area of space law or ...it cannot be against public policy .. to pay a ransom." (57) In Germany, paying a ...

  • THE PERILS OF ECONOMIC NATIONALISM AND A PROPOSED PATHWAY TO TRADE HARMONY.

    ... than two decades of relative quiet, international trade and investment law has once again taken ...(4) The Trump administration's trade policy singles out China for special opprobrium because ... rate and the United States' need for domestic investment capital. Since U.S. domestic savings ...) The Global Financial Crisis adversely affected millions of ordinary Americans (not to mention ..., as domestic steel producers' foreign competition is eliminated; (2) prices of products made in ...* Vitamin C antitrust litigation. In a multidistrict antitrust class ...

  • 440 U.S. 205 (1979), 77-952, Group Life & Health Insurance Co. v. Royal Drug Co., Inc.

    ... to agree to furnish Blue Shield policyholders prescription drugs at $2 each, with Blue Shield ... pharmacies, brought this antitrust action alleging that Blue Shield and three ..., the Pharmacy Agreements so closely affect the "reliability, interpretation, and ... to permit or require the unrestricted competition contemplated by the antitrust laws to apply to ... 7 Webster's New International Dictionary of the English Language 1289 (unabr.2d ... Auto Workers and the three largest domestic automobile manufacturers. Brief for Petitioners ...

  • Making CLE Voluntary and Pro Bono Mandatory: A Law Faculty Test Case
  • 370 U.S. 294 (1962), 4, Brown Shoe Co., Inc. v. United States

    ... might be substantially to lessen competition or to tend to create a monopoly in the ..., when combined with appellant's avowed policy of forcing its own shoes upon its retail ... argued that the "line of commerce" affected by this merger is "footwear," or alternatively, ... The District Court found that, although domestic shoe production was scattered among a large ... of the Nation's shoes, the top 4 -- International, Endicott-Johnson, Brown (including Kinney) and ...§ 29. In a civil antitrust action in which the United States is the ...

  • Tripartite convergence for certainty in merger review under China's anti-monopoly law.

    ... its Anti-Monopoly Law (AML) has greatly affected transnational mergers, but a shroud of ... government agencies apply their antitrust laws to foreign corporations, sometimes g complicated reviews of international business deals in multiple jurisdictions, ... outcomes, and conflicts over nations' competition policies. (2) Policy-makers have increased ...) Although these agreements do not alter domestic law, they are designed to foster more efficient ...

  • 418 U.S. 602 (1974), 73-38, United States v. Marine Bancorporation, Inc.

    ...  The United States brought this civil antitrust action under § 7 of the Clayton Act to challenge ... its case exclusively on the potential competition doctrine, seeking to establish that the merger ... so because, as a country, we have made the policy judgment to restrict entry into commercial ... a method of entry would not significantly affect that market.         State law would not ..., shall forfeit its charter if it be a domestic corporation, or its license to transact business ... limits, different types of loans, international banking services, computer services, enhanced ...

  • 241 F.3d 420 (5th Cir. 2001), 99-20763, Den Norske Stats Oljeselskap v Heeremac Vof

    ... JAN MEEK; PIETER HEEREMA; McDERMOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC.; McDERMOTT, INC.; J. RAY McDERMOTT, SA; J. ... the scope of the United States antitrust laws and their application to foreign conduct. ...'s injury did not arise from that domestic anticompetitive effect. Accordingly, we find that ... conspired "to suppress and eliminate competition by rigging bids for the sale of heavy-lift ... addressed issues related to commerce affected by defendants' conduct in the Gulf of Mexico and ... courts, not Congress, who are making the policy choices that form the content of legislation. 30 ...

  • 837 F.3d 175 (2nd Cir. 2016), 13-4791-cv, In re Vitamin C Antitrust Litigation

    ... REVERSE on international comity grounds the district. court's denial ... competition, to safeguard the legitimate rights. and ... and (2) a " price verification and chop" policy. (" PVC" ) implemented in 2002. The Chamber ... or affect American commerce and its foreseeability; (6). ... in fact a true conflict between domestic and foreign. law." (internal quotation ...

  • Trademark law - extraterritorial application of the Lanham Act saves an American brand from a Canadian retail pirate.

    ...'s trademarks raises the question of international trademark protection. (2) In Trader Joe's Co. v. ... trademark infringement, (2) unfair competition, false endorsement, and false designation of ... previously been applied to the Sherman Antitrust Act. (22) . The Sherman Antitrust Act prohibits ... American commerce, and importance of domestic conduct compared to foreign conduct. (32) This ... the degree of conflict with foreign law or policy, the nationality or allegiance of the parties and ... which there is explicit purpose to harm or affect American commerce, the foreseeability of such ...

  • 535 U.S. 467 (2002), 00-511, Verizon Communications Inc. v. FCC

    ... In order to foster competition between monopolistic carriers providing local ...Thus, the policy of construing a statute to avoid constitutional ...McKennna for Qwest Communications International, Inc. [†] .         Justice Souter ... decree settling the Government’s antitrust suit against the American Telephone and Telegraph ... . adversely affect the public interest—as where it might impair the ...Order ¶ 681. As to domestic experience, I can find no evidence that, prior to ...

  • Resolving the cross-border discovery catch-22.

    ... unlimited discretion to make subjective policy judgments. (15) . This Note aims to provide a ... enacted in Canada, in reaction to an antitrust investigation of a Canadian paper company. (56) ... they reside on the grounds of "international comity." (69) One of the earliest attempts by the ... with a German firm and was therefore "affected with 'enemy taint' despite its 'neutral' ... courts generally favor the interests of domestic procedure over the concerns of foreign litigants. ... Regarding the Application of their Competition and Deceptive Marketing Practices Laws, U.S.- ...

  • Bridging open markets in the "big bandwidth" era: a blueprint for foreign broadband Internet deployment.

    ...The FCC is an Expert Agency in Making Policy and Business Judgment to Leverage Foreign ...(8) . At the international level, the Basic Telecommunications Agreement ... the United States, to welcome foreign competition into some or all of their basic ... correlation between a country's gross domestic product and its Internet penetration. (19) ... publish "all international agreements that affect trade in services as well as 'all relevant ..., the FCC's regulatory safeguards, and antitrust laws addressing competitive concerns resulting ...

  • 371 U.S. 296 (1963), 23, Pan American World Airways, Inc. v. United States

    ... practices" and "unfair methods of competition," even though they originated prior to 1938. Pp. ... the Board is to deal with at least some antitrust problems. In addition to its power under § 411, ...Any person affected by an order under §§ [83 S.Ct. 482] 408, 409 ... and future needs of the foreign and domestic commerce of the United States, of the Postal ..., may involve military and foreign policy considerations that the Act, as construed by a ...955; Apgar Travel Agency, Inc. v. International Air Transport Assn., 107 F.Supp. 706 ...

  • The States' Interest in Federal Procedure.

    ...State Legislation, Court Decisions, and Policy Statements III. Typology of State Interests in ...Institutional Competition: State Power and Litigation Market Share 1. ... from procedural doctrines that directly affect the power of state courts to those that seemingly ... consequences; in effect, for most large domestic corporations, the number of states in which they ...(51) For international companies, the effect was even more pronounced: ....'" (77) Twombly involved allegations of antitrust violations, but two years later, in Iqbal, the ...

  • Competition in the Dutch Electricity Market: An Empirical Analysis over 2006-2011.

    ... plants and import, the level of domestic demand corrected for the supply from ... mechanism by which the demand level affects the Lerner index is related to the fact that the ..., electricity firms became more international. Before 2001, the supply side consisted of four ... techniques for competition and antitrust analysis, Princeton University Press, Princeton ...(2007). EU Regulation and competition policy among energy utilities. University of Birmingham. ...

  • Justice Scalia and class actions: a loving critique.

    ... on the aggregation of four different antitrust theories, and only one of the theories had ...--e.g., to supply ground rules for competition. (84) We believe, for example, that the ... of discretion over pay and promotions is a policy uniform throughout all stores. The very nature of ... the United States of America & the International Ass'n of Defense Counsel as Amici Curiae in ... of regulatory statutes can often affect large numbers of people without actually injuring ...aligns itself with a conservative U.S. domestic political ideology."); Robert B. Hillenbrand, ...

  • ENCOURAGING FRAND-LY NEGOTIATIONS: A COMPARISON OF THE UNITED STATES AND EUROPEAN APPROACHES TO ALLOWING INJUNCTIVE RELIEF IN CASES INVOLVING FRAND-ENCUMBERED STANDARD-ESSENTIAL PATENTS.

    ... relief at the United States International Trade Commission ("USITC") in limited ...competition, consumers, and innovation." (88) The underlying ..., disapprove of an order of the USITC on policy grounds, thus preventing it from going into ...(171) The divergent roles antitrust policy plays in the United States and the ... the applicable case law will necessarily affect the way in which negotiations over licensing of ... LEOs to successful patent owners (with a domestic industry) as a matter of course. This means that ...

  • The Global Market for Tax and Legal Rules.

    ...The decentralized international regime, where states compete for residents, ... and fragmentized nature of the competition between states, which allows (some) taxpayers to ... rules are elective to some degree, policymakers must consider the competing legal jurisdictions ... far more able than others to avoid domestic rules. As a result, not only are certain rules ... that the decision to relocate is affected by the overall level of redistribution and not by ...L. Rev. 327, 336 (2010). Antitrust laws apply to those doing business within a ...

  • Stuck! The Law and Economics of Residential Stagnation.

    ... to shocks created by Chinese import competition. Traditionally, such shocks would be expected to ...; today, however, economists at the International Monetary Fund note that "following the same ive shock to labor demand, affected workers have more and more tended to either drop ... poorest states in per-capita state Gross Domestic Product (GDP) slowed in the 1980s and now has ... that influences the quality of monetary policy, overall economic output and growth, and the ... that would condition protection from antitrust review for licensing regimes on a reduction in ...

  • The Strategies of Anticompetitive Common Ownership.

    ...Antitrust theorists have long suggested that the interests ... evidence of CCOs influencing corporate policy. . This Article is an effort to fill this gap. We ... target specific firm actions, while others affect the firm's actions across the board. Finally, ... live the "quiet life." Aggressive competition by American would undercut Delta, thereby ...State Street has virtually no active domestic equity fund business. Vanguard has a quantitative ..., Private Benefits of Control: An International Comparison, 59 J. FIN. 537 (2004); Ronald J. ...

  • Cross-Border Application of the Registration Thresholds and Certain Requirements Applicable to Swap Dealers and Major Swap Participants

    ... CEA, and with due consideration of international comity . principles and the Commission's interest ... 11. Section 15(a) Factors. D. Antitrust Laws. XI. Preamble Summary Tables. A. Table ...policy statement regarding the cross-border application ... of financial firms to serve both domestic and . international customers.\26\ The Final Rule ...both (1) sufficiently affects American commerce, i.e., it has a . `direct, ...market efficiency and competition, as well as the importance of . international ...