international competition affect domestic antitrust policy

1436 results for international competition affect domestic antitrust policy

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  • 425 F.Supp.2d 1321 (CIT. 2006), 05-00324, Canadian Lumber Trade Alliance v. United States

    .... United States Court of International Trade. . April 7, 2006 . . . [Copyrighted ... two key questions: First, whether domestic law authorizes the Government of Canada and/or ... statute," (2) it will consult with the affected party before adopting the amending statute, and ...allow increased competition' against them." U.S. Telecom Ass'n v. FCC, 295 ...1969) ("because of the policy encouraging free and open competition--a policy ... suit against existing competitors in antitrust, copyright, and trade cases. Accordingly, this ...

  • Part II

    ...Part II. Department of Justice. Antitrust Division. United States v. Monsanto Company and ...Competition, Not Whether It Replicates DPL. IV. Response to ... Stewardship Alliance (``ISA''); the International Center for Technology. Assessment/Food Safety ...Division Policy Guide to Merger Remedies, (October 2004), ... occasions, including all of Stoneville's domestic germplasm, breeding, and sales and marketing ..., but the method of transfer will not affect Syngenta's ability to compete effectively as ...

  • 130 F.3d 1041 (D.C. Cir. 1997), 96-5354, National Ass'n of Home Builders v. Babbitt

    ...i.e., those activities that substantially affect interstate commerce." Lopez, 514 U.S. at 558-59, ..., following its own conception of public policy concerning the restrictions which may ... prove invaluable to mankind in improving domestic animals or increasing resistance to disease or ... adverse effects of interstate competition. 10 .         1. Biodiversity. ...379 (1887), and the Sherman Antitrust Act, 26 Stat. 209 (1890), as amended, 15 U.S.C. ... programs which meet national and international standards is a key to meeting the Nation's ...

  • 659 F.2d 340 (3rd Cir. 1981), 80-2062, O. Hommel Co. v. Ferro Corp.

    ... frit industry was facing increasing competition from other products. Paint and plastic products ... is applied, also hurt the demand for domestic frit.         Prices for frit generally ...at 1270-1271, 1276; 4 Van. Kalinowski, Antitrust Laws and Trade Regulation §§ 28.08, 29-01(4) ...4, The Robinson-Patman Act: Policy and Law, Vol. I (1980) at 29. The Robinson-Patman ...See International Air Industries, Inc. v. American Excelsior Co., ..., were limited to three customers and affected only 5% of Ferro's national sales. ...

  • Coase Minus the Coase Theorem-Some Problems with Chicago Transaction Cost Analysis

    In law as well as economics, the most well-known aspect of Coase’s "The Problem of Social Cost," is the Coase Theorem. Over the decades, that particular notion has morphed into a crucial component of Chicago law and economics-namely, transaction cost analysis. In this Article, I deliberately bracket the Coase Theorem to show that "The Problem of Social Cost" contains far more...

  • 506 F.2d 136 (D.C. Cir. 1974), 73-1095, Consumers Union of United States, Inc. v. Kissinger

    ..., the State Department, and foreign and domestic steel producers, individually and in association. ... the foreign governments that would also affect our external affairs adversely. Accordingly, the ... do not violate United States or international laws.         II.         The ... respectively denominated 'FIRST CLAIM (Antitrust)' and 'SECOND CLAIM (Unlawful Action by State .... . spoke for and represented the policy judgments of the United States Government alone.' ... consideration the impact of foreign competition on the economic welfare of individual domestic ...

  • Airport Business News - Europe.

    ... -- is the battleground for fierce competition with low-cost airlines, which continue to take ... cash cow, failed to make up for the domestic and regional European losses. Monday's statement ... for British Airways (BA) owner International Airlines Group (IAG) to acquire British Midland ..., which also tried to buy bmi, had asked antitrust officials to block the deal, arguing it would ... about the noise from residents would affect decisions on where Lufthansa makes future ..., but around the world we see ill-conceived policy initiatives that over-regulate, excessively tax ...

  • Public Comments and Response on Proposed Final Judgment: United States, et al. v. Ticketmaster Entertainment, Inc., et al.

    ...Part IV. Department of Justice. Antitrust Division. United States et al. v. Ticketmaster ... proceed, would substantially lessen competition in the market for primary ticketing services to ... that the proposed transaction could affect different classes of venues differently. ... would be distinct from any effects on domestic venues, and thus it was appropriate to include ...Live Nation also has created a corporate policy governing access to this information, ... Nation also expanded its reach internationally by acquiring promoters and venues in Europe. On ...

  • Airline Finance News - Europe.

    ...The carrier serves 80 international routes to 34 countries, including five ... -- is the battleground for fierce competition with low-cost airlines, which continue to take ... cash cow, failed to make up for the domestic and regional European losses. Monday's statement ..., which also tried to buy bmi, had asked antitrust officials to block the deal, arguing it would ... and called for an end to its travel policy prohibiting to book flights on LCCs. At a press ...It said other celebrities affected included actresses Scarlett Johansson and Gwyneth ...

  • Empagran:The First Step In Avoiding A U.S. Monopoly On Antitrust Enforcement

    Background. Extraterritorial Application of U.S. Antitrust Law Prior to 1982. FTAIA. Circuit Split Prior To Empagran. Den Norske Stats Oljeselskap V. Heeremac Vof ("Statoil"). Kruman V. Christie's International. F. Hoffman-La Roche V. Empagran. The Empagran Holding. Comity & Cooperation Programs. Does an Injury Truly Depend on Domestic Effects?. Looking Forward.

    ... brings with it the question of whether domestic regulations should follow businesses abroad. When ...Empagran was an international price-fixing antitrust suit against several ..., which applies to conduct that adversely affects commerce, was first interpreted in the ...,23 and facilitates global competition.24 The court reasoned that not granting foreign ... for Economic Cooperation and Development), Policy Brief: Using Leniency to Fight Hard Core Cartels ...

  • Part II

    ...Part II. Department of Justice. Antitrust Division. Competitive Impact Statements and ...18, by substantially lessening competition in the provision of local private lines (also ... and MCI had extensive national and international networks. In areas of significant overlap, with ... competing social and political interests affected by a proposed antitrust consent decree must be ..., Antitrust Div., Antitrust Division Policy Guide to Merger Remedies, Sec. I (Oct. 2004) ... For Consent to Transfer Control of Domestic and International Sections 214 and 310 ...

  • Competitive impact statements and proposed consent judgments: SBC Communications, Inc., et al.,

    ...Part II. Department of Justice. Antitrust Division. Competitive Impact Statements and ...18, by substantially lessening competition in the provision of local private lines (also ... and MCI had extensive national and international networks. In areas of significant overlap, with ... competing social and political interests affected by a proposed antitrust consent decree must be ..., Antitrust Div., Antitrust Division Policy Guide to Merger Remedies, Sec. I (Oct. 2004) ... For Consent to Transfer Control of Domestic and International Sections 214 and 310 ...

  • 656 F.2d 428 (9th Cir. 1981), 76-3614, United States v. Crocker Nat. Corp.

    ... which the bank competes, when the competition is such that an agreement between the companies ould violate the antitrust laws. A closely related issue is whether the ... nature of the competition potentially affected is indicated by stipulations that at the ..., we must "look to the 'object and policy of the law.' " Stafford v. Briggs, 444 U.S. 527, ... corporation, principally engaged in international or foreign banking or banking in a dependency or ...on Domestic Finance of the House Comm. on Banking and ...

  • Enhancing the Estate
  • 822 F.2d 1105 (D.C. Cir. 1987), 86-1058, Panhandle Producers and Royalty Owners Ass'n v. Economic Regulatory Admin.

    ... things, that ERA improperly relied on a policy statement issued by the Secretary of Energy in ... pipeline systems that cannot be met by domestic gas supplies," id. at 860 (emphasis in original); ... that the imports would not adversely affect the development of domestic supplies. Tenneco, 1 ... of the public interest standard is competition." Id. at 6687. Further, it "presume[d]" that if ..., and that ERA would "consider international trade policy, foreign policy, .. national ... who assert a violation of the antitrust laws from which they would gain if it in fact ...

  • 511 F.2d 1315 (D.C. Cir. 1975), 73--2276, United States v. C. A. B.

    ... the United States, acting through the Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice, and the ... shortage, on 12 October 1973 the Energy Policy Office, acting pursuant to authority granted by ... that air carriers submit all agreements affecting air transportation entered into with any other ... destructive, oppressive, or wasteful competition, or for regulating stops, schedules, and ... directly, this court has considered international air fare agreements approved under section 412. ... and future needs of the foreign and domestic commerce of the United States, of the Postal ...

  • 543 F.2d 395 (D.C. Cir. 1976), 75-1140, Pacific Maritime Ass'n v. Federal Maritime Com'n

    ... Intervenors. . INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S AND WAREHOUSEMEN'S UNION, ... overlapping of shipping, labor and antitrust concerns in collective bargaining agreements ...) held a portion of the agreement affecting employers who are not members of the Pacific ... PMA and ILWU "to eliminate outside competition either by . . withholding labor or by ... the disparate aims of national labor policy and antitrust laws. The final series of cases ... Commission, was aimed at abuses in both domestic and foreign shipping caused by secret ...

  • Institutions and indirectness in intellectual property.

    ... into account in further empirical and policy-oriented work on intellectual property. . I. ... in proportion to the actor's ability to affect the mean return from that collection of ..., would be the law of unfair competition and misappropriation, which are not ...A very expansive reading of International News Service v. Associated Press (114) would be ..., MARKETS AND HIERARCHIES: ANALYSIS AND ANTITRUST IMPLICATIONS 1 (1975) (classifying property ... to employ his capital in the support of domestic industry, and so to direct that industry that its ...

  • Business courts and interstate competition.

    ... surge of interest in these courts, policymakers and scholars alike have cited the process of ..., intellectual property claims, and antitrust claims, among others. (123) That court is not ... changed over the past ten years that would affect their conclusions. The business courts created ... of land, the ownership of slaves, domestic relations, tort suits, or eminent domain ...Gotanda, Awarding Interest in International Arbitration, 90 AM. J. INT'L L. 40, 50 (1996) ...

  • Transparency of Airline Ancillary Fees and Other Consumer Protection Issues

    ... reporting by mainline carriers for their domestic code-share partner operations; requiring large ... towards ticket agents, and greater competition and lower overall prices for ancillary services ... have a problem finding fees, how does it affect your ability to comparison shop?. What types ... on their domestic and outbound international scheduled flights. ... agents be required to disclose the 24-hold policy to a consumer who is making a change within 24 ... discrimination, or violations of the antitrust laws. It has been the longstanding policy of that ...

  • Introduction to the Unified Agenda of Federal Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions

    ...Agency for International Development. Commission on Civil Rights. ...Affected agencies identify in the Unified Agenda those ... sector of the economy, productivity, competition, jobs, the environment, public health or safety, ... and Regulatory Affairs, and of regulatory policy in general, has been on maximizing net benefits. ... For many crops, a substantial portion of domestic production is bound for overseas markets. USDA ... part of the Commission's basic mission--antitrust enforcement--is to prohibit anticompetitive ...

  • Solicitation, extortion, and the FCPA.

    ... I then argue that current FCPA enforcement policy in cases of solicitation and extortion raises ...Incongruity of the FCPA and Other International Anti-Bribery Instruments D.FCPA Enforcement in ... the statute include (1) issuers, (2) domestic concerns, (3) individual officers, directors, ... cited the effect of bribery on competition as the main justification for the legislation. ...Thus foreign corporate bribery affects the very stability of overseas business. Foreign ... from criminal violations of the antitrust laws.. By contrast, most non-corporate criminal ...

  • Competitive impact statements and proposed consent judgments: Cargill, Inc., and Continental Grain Co.,

    ...Part III. Department of Justice. Antitrust Division. United States v. Cargill, Incorporated; ..., store it, and move it to their domestic and foreign customers. In addition, both firms ... Group would substantially lessen competition for grain purchasing services in nine relevant ... Inc., Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy (``IATP''), Kansas Cattlemen's Association, ...Cargill and Continental are international grain traders, and so the Department's ... and ensure that farmers in the affected markets will continue to have effective ...

  • 460 F.2d 932 (D.C. Cir. 1972), 71-1093, Seatrain Lines, Inc. v. Federal Maritime Com'n

    ... regulating, preventing, or destroying competition; . pooling or apportioning earnings, losses, or ...The Statute's Treatment of Antitrust Considerations.          A. Specific ... represent a fundamental national economic policy . . ." 7 and stated that "[r]epeals of the ... between water carriers in the domestic trade, referred to in the preceding pages, may be ... authority Congress did not intend to affect, either affirmatively or negatively. That effort ...) (footnote omitted); see also Marx, International Shipping Conferences, 250-251 (1953). 29 15 ...

  • The demise of regulation in ocean shipping: a study in the evolution of competition policy and the predictive power of microeconomics.

    ... shipping has almost always enjoyed an antitrust exemption permitting price-fixing cartels of ...'s most active reform movements in international trade and business regulation is the effort to ... for many port facilities and will affect the organization of the industry. (50) . Finally, ... conditional immunity from the domestic antitrust laws. . (19.) See, e.g., WORLD SHIPPING ...