international competition affect domestic antitrust policy

1435 results for international competition affect domestic antitrust policy

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  • 816 F.3d 721 (Fed. Cir. 2016), 2014-1617, Lexmark Int'l, Inc. v. Impression Prods., Inc.

    ... 117 U.S.P.Q.2d 1817 . LEXMARK INTERNATIONAL, INC., Plaintiff-Cross-Appellant . v. . ... Stanford, CA, for amici curiae American Antitrust Institute, Jeremy W. Bock, Esq., Irene Calboli, ...Some of the initial sales were made domestically, some abroad. All of the domestic sales, and an ... the condition violates some other law or policy (in the patent field, notably the misuse or ... Patent Notice and Remedies with Competition 139 (2011) (footnote attached to " market reward" ... are only part of the likely differences affecting foreign sales, supplementing differences in ...

  • The local law of global antitrust.

    ... like a brief for the uselessness of international law. The imperative for international cooperation ... significance of private restraints on competition, (2) even as heightened international trade ... that would require treaty making or domestic legislation in order to create international ...--with the result that important policy differences persist, as evidenced most strikingly ... when an enforcement activity of one might affect important interests of the other. (91) The ...

  • Daily Price Cycles and Constant Margins: Recent Events in Canadian Gasoline Retailing.

    ... that price data frequency can have on policy analysis. Much of the analysis of Canadian ... repeatedly in reports issued by the Competition Bureau and Natural Resources Canada. (3) In this ...Roseman (2005, 3) commented that international supplies appeared to be sufficient to meet a ... sources of supply and thus must rely on domestic refiners." . Several shocks to wholesale supply ...These changes may have affected supply and incentives to undercut in advance of ... used could impact the conclusions of antitrust analysis. . In the presence of price cycles, ...

  • Introduction to the Unified Agenda of Federal Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions-Fall 2016

    ...Agency for International Development. Commission on Civil Rights. ...Affected agencies identify in the Unified Agenda those ... sector of the economy, productivity, competition, jobs, the environment, public health or safety, ...40.............. Federal Policy for the 0937-AA02 Final Rule Stage. ... USDA's domestic nutrition assistance programs serve one in four ... part of the Commission's basic mission--antitrust enforcement--is to prohibit anticompetitive ...

  • An American Approach to Social Democracy: The Forgotten Promise of the Fair Labor Standards Act.

    ... the "Fight for $15," "Red for Ed," and "Domestic Workers Alliance," workers have been pressing ...(13) At the same time, labor scholars and policy makers have begun converging in their calls for a ... labor agencies hear from a wide range of affected interest groups and individuals before making ...(140) Yet antitrust measures were not the only measures Progressives ... give industry-developed codes of fair competition the force of law, holding that the provision ... Hatters, Cap and Millinery Workers International Union, commented: . "It took seven long months of ...

  • Mountain Crest SRL, LLC v. Inbev, 090519 FED7, 18-2327

    ... the Sherman Antitrust Act, 15 U.S.C. §§ 1- 2. Mountain Crest ... BRI's policy of promoting sales of Anheuser-Busch's. and ... of American competition, inhibited its ability to compete in. the ...-five percent market share and only sold domestic. products, most of the beer sold in Ontario ...10 The settlement did not affect the. LCBO's practice of selling beer in ... sensitive to international trade legal exposure, declined to. do so ...

  • 652 F.2d 72 (D.C. Cir. 1980), 77-1249, United States v. F.C.C.

    ... (FCC) has nurtured a dynamic new medium: domestic satellite communication. The order under review, ... the AT& T/GTE venture from full competition as a common carrier for a three-year period, so ...         The Commission's policy over the past ten years has been to develop the ... applicants for entry presented possible antitrust problems. All were satellite or communications ... use its market power in a related field to affect the domestic satellite communications market. ... common carriers, and Comsat is an international satellite communications carrier. See Proposed ...

  • Antitrust violations.

    ...Respondent Superior F. Meeting Competition G. State Action Immunity H. Petitioning the ...State Enforcement C. International Enforcement V. PENALTIES I. INTRODUCTION . ... agent were contrary to general corporate policy, (102) against express instructions, (103) or ... laws, so long as they are intended to affect United States imports and actually have some ... and reasonably foreseeable effect" on domestic or import trade or on a person in the United ...

  • Bowman v. Monsanto and self-replicating seeds; David v. Goliath or Don Quixote v. Windmills?

    ... funding, a matter of considerable domestic and international importance. Should the courts ... level, the courts generally avoid making policy: "In any event, such an adverse economic outcome ... pre-sale conditions, contracts, can affect whether the sale was indeed authorized. (449) ... Of The Hatch-Waxman Act While Resolving Antitrust Issues In Pharmaceutical Patent Settlement Cases, ..., Jonathan Gleklen & Kenneth Letzler, Competition and Innovation in American Agriculture, A ...

  • The political economy of international antitrust harmonization.

    ...International harmonization of competition laws is in the air. A large number of academics ... lead to an overall worse world competition policy. . The long-run costs of a substantive antitrust ... antitrust is necessary because domestic antitrust regimes neglect foreign consumer and ... from excessive intervention--will tend to affect elected executive officials and the second kind ...

  • 168 F.3d 119 (3rd Cir. 1999), 98-6004, Cheminor Drugs, Ltd. v. Ethyl Corp.

    ... complained to the United States International Trade Commission ("ITC") and the Department of ... fair value in the United States, and the domestic industry suffered material injury as a result. ...antitrust claims and various state common law claims ... addressed how alleged misrepresentations affect Noerr-Pennington immunity or the sham exception ... the business cycle and conditions of competition that are distinctive to the affected industry. ..., 397 N.Y.S.2d 863 (N.Y.Sup.1977) ('public policy dictates that the tort of interference not be ...

  • Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington v. Trump, 091319 FED2, 18-474

    ... alleged violations of the Domestic and Foreign Emoluments. Clauses of the ..." with Trump SoHo and Trump International New. York because they "market to and ... competition." Id. at 187. Rather, the district. court ... bottom line may be adversely affected by the. challenged [] action.") (emphasis ... policymaking regarding the scope of services provided to. ... III standing to plaintiffs alleging antitrust,. unfair competition, or trademark ...

  • 284 F.3d 47 (1st Cir. 2002), 01-1296, Fraser v. Major League Soccer

    ...by the Federation. . Internationale de Football Association ("FIFA"), soccer's ... the operator/investors under various antitrust theories. The injunctive class was certified in ... in MLS substantially lessened competition and tended to create monopoly in violation of ... that are significant for antitrust policy.          First, there is a diversity of ... (perhaps great) measure by foreign and domestic competition for players, that unquestionably ... that the practices in question adversely affected competition in that market and that on balance ...

  • Double Denial: How Both the DOL and Organized Labor Fail Domestic Agricultural Workers in the Face of H-2A

    The Department of Labor ("DOL") is not complying with the spirit of the agency's regulations governing the H-2A temporary agricultural guest-worker program. With the increasing use of the program, the DOL must reform its H-2A procedures and regulations to better protect the domestic workforce from adverse effects. Such changes should include: (1) a more localized review of H-2A...

    ... of foreign workers does not adversely affect the wages and working conditions 3 of the ... H-2A program's inherently contradictory policy goals form the root of the problem that the DOL ... domestic workers "from unfair competition by the migrant workforce" by way of "statutorily ... IN THE UNITED STATES UNDER INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS STANDARDS 136 (2000). A minority of ... See Ann Marie Herron, Comment, The Antitrust Sentencing Guideline: Deterring Crime by ...

  • Contracting for Control of Landscape-Level Resources

    Environmental governance increasingly focuses on public– private partnerships. We focus on contracting as a subset of the role of private actors governing landscape-level resources—such as wildlife habitats, scenic vistas, and firescapes—that exceed individual parcel sizes and are thus difficult for individual landowners to control unilaterally. Numerous contractual arrangements have emerged to...

  • PATENTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE: A SKEPTIC'S VIEW.

    ... disciplines and triggered various policy measures and proposals in recent decades. Most ... and displace populations, and adversely affect many individuals' physical and mental health. ... into force in 2005, established internationally binding emission reduction targets based on the ... (79) Yet, in a world without patents, competition by free riders may make it impossible. (80) Thus, ...(1) See, e.g., Michael A. Carrier, An Antitrust Framework for Climate Change, 9 NW. J. TECH. & ...Xiang, Addressing Climate Change: Domestic Innovation, International Aid and Collaboration, ...

  • 320 F.3d 110 (2nd Cir. 2002), 01-9483, Electrical Inspectors, Inc. v. Village of East Hills

    ... corporation from alleged federal antitrust-law violations resulting from the municipality's ...In 1988, the Village adopted a policy of requiring building owners to obtain ... who use the plaintiffs services where competition is allowed. Id. ¶¶ 52, 69, 72, 112, 118. 4 ... "material" for these purposes if it "might affect the outcome of the suit under the governing law." ... the States' ability to regulate their domestic commerce. If Parker immunity were limited to ...Cir. 1988), which is "an international nonprofit membership organization," see NFPA ...

  • 157 F.3d 1340 (Fed. Cir. 1998), 96-1165, C.R. Bard, Inc. v. M3 Systems, Inc.

    ..., and also charged Bard with fraud, antitrust law violation, and patent misuse. The jury ... commercial activity against the particular policy considerations that apply to the situation, ... obtained patent to restrain competition. Restraint on competition based on power in the ...v. International Bus. Mach. Corp., 613 F.2d 727, 744 (9th ... the innovation is an improvement, that it affects competition is not an antitrust violation, and no ...Nor is a domestic distributor . . relevant to the on sale bar ...

  • THE FLORIDA BAR: ANNUAL REPORTS of Committees.

    ... of Miami master's program in international maritime law, UM law students, and St. Thomas ... review of international regulations affecting autonomous ships presented by Lieut. Commander ...CONNIE REEVES BOOKMAN, Chair . Antitrust and Trade Regulation Law Certification . ... or practices, and unfair methods of competition under the Federal Trade Commission Act and ...20 and setting policy for the program. . The committee met twice this ... Military and Veterans Affairs, Space and Domestic Security Chair. . * 2018 Military Law Symposium ...

  • Down-Sizing the 'Little Guy' Myth in Legal Definitions

    What is a "small business" in the eyes of the law? There is not one standard definition. Current legal definitions of a firm’s size are inconsistent and overinclusive. They vary from one area of the law to another and within various sections of the same law. They create a skewed picture and result in data distortion that reinforces favoritism toward small entities, as studies on the...

  • 725 F.2d 732 (D.C. Cir. 1984), 83-1245, ITT World Communications, Inc. v. F.C.C.

    ... Broadcasting Service, Spanish International Network, . Inc., Communications Satellite ... markets by heightening competition between the two principal modes of ...735(a)(2). In 1966, the FCC established a policy which generally limited the class of authorized ...domestic carrier for connecting circuits between operating ... diversion does occur, the losses will not affect the IRCs' "overall profitability to such an . ..., that Comsat violated the Federal antitrust laws by engaging in predatory pricing. Further, ...

  • Antitrust liability for refusal to license intellectual property: a comparative analysis and the international setting.

    ...COMPARING THE ANTITRUST CASE LAW AND POLICY IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND THE UNITED STATES A. ..., use, or share IP rights by dominant firms affect the dynamics of competition. Yet, if and under ... for various purposes by the relevant domestic and international laws (e.g., experimental use). ...

  • Regulating lawyers in a liberalized legal services market: the role of education and training.

    ... Wales have attracted considerable international interest and commentary. (1) The implications of ... that a liberalized market, driven by competition, assisted where necessary by regulation, is the ... for legal education and training policy and practice in England and Wales. The lessons ... discipline, (7) largely insulated from antitrust laws under the state action doctrine. (8) ... for business innovation, which can in turn affect competition or access. Excessive deregulation ...Arnold, Disciplining Domestic Regulation: The Worm Trade Organization and the ...

  • 796 F.3d 1338 (Fed. Cir. 2015), 2012-1170, Suprema, Inc. v. International Trade Commission

    ... laws have long afforded trade relief to domestic. industries from a range of unfair trade ... of competition and unfair acts in the importation of articles. ... various statutory regimes, such as antitrust (15 U.S.C. § § 1-38), patent (35 U.S.C. ... issued under subsection (d)(1) does not affect the articles. that gave rise to the unfair ... consistent with the statutory text, policy,. and legislative history of Section 337. ...

  • Balancing acts: using a mixed test to ensure better results in rule of reason patent misuse analysis within section 337.

    ...Section 337: The International Trade Commission and Patent Litigation C. Section ... ANALYSIS CAN KEEP A BETTER BALANCE OF ANTITRUST AND PATENT POLICY WITH A MIXED TEST A. The ... a special grant of power to exclude competition, and exclusionary power has historically been ... under [section] 337: (1) to protect domestic industry and (2) to enforce domestic patents. (6) ... in import trade" (9) that adversely affect the U.S. economy. The statute makes unlawful ...