international competition affect domestic antitrust policy

1436 results for international competition affect domestic antitrust policy

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  • Amazon's antitrust paradox.

    ...Antitrust Laws Promote Competition To Serve a Variety of Interests III. AMAZON'S ... traditional antitrust and competition policy principles and (2) regulating their dominance by ... enforcement that this reorientation has affected dramatically are predatory pricing and vertical ... on much thinner margins, and its international retail business still runs at a loss. (193) But ... was one factor behind acceleration in domestic and international revenue growth."). . (207.) ...

  • 473 U.S. 614 (1985), 83-1569, Mitsubishi Motors Corp. v. Soler Chrysler-Plymouth, Inc.

    ... of a joint venture between Chrysler International, S.A. (CISA), a Swiss corporation, and another ... counterclaims, including the federal antitrust issues. Despite the doctrine of American Safety ... any reason to depart from the federal policy favoring arbitration where a party bound by an ... result would be forthcoming in a domestic context. See Scherk v. Alberto-Culver Co., ...§ 1221 et seq.; the Puerto Rico competition statute, P.R.Laws Ann., Tit. 10, § 257 et seq. ... that "the choice of forums inevitably affects the scope of the substantive right to be ...

  • Cartel Criminalization in Europe: Addressing Deterrence and Institutional Challenges.

    ...ANTITRUST SANCTIONS AGAINST CARTELS 14 A. Corporate ... of criminal offenses in many competition law regimes around the world. (1) . In many ...(5) However, in line with international trends, the Commission has recognized anti-cartel ... administrative fines on corporations as a policy instrument to effectively deter collusive ...Of all behaviors that may negatively affect competition, cartels strongly contradict the ... are 38 percent, higher than those of domestic cartels. Another 2014 study, (47) which takes ...

  • Cross-Border Application of the Registration Thresholds and Certain Requirements Applicable to Swap Dealers and Major Swap Participants

    ...international comity principles and the Commission's interest ... 10. Request for Comment. D. Antitrust Considerations. IX. Preamble Summary Tables. ...policy statement regarding the cross-border application ...to serve both domestic and international customers.\23\ The Proposed . ...sufficiently affects American commerce, i.e., it has a `direct, . ...market efficiency and competition, as well as the importance of . international ...

  • Antitrust violations.

    ...Respondeat Superior F. Meeting Competition G. State Action Immunity H. Petitioning the ...State Enforcement C. International Enforcement V. PENALTIES I. INTRODUCTION . The ...'s general business activities must affect interstate commerce, (80) while others hold that ... agent were contrary to general corporate policy, (134) against express instructions, (135) or ... foreign injuries that are independent of domestic injuries. (200) However, the circuit courts are ...

  • 49 CFR 1180.1 - General policy statement for merger or control of at least two Class I railroads
  • 696 F.3d 254 (3rd Cir. 2012), 11-3301, ZF Meritor, LLC v. Eaton Corp.

    ..., Philadelphia, PA, Counsel for American Antitrust Institute. .           Before: FISHER ... the market and, as a result, harmed competition. We agree with the District Court and will affirm ..., LLC (" Freightliner" ), International Truck and Engine Corporation (" International" ), ... of the relevant market so as to adversely affect competition. Id. at 328, 81 S.Ct. 623; Barr ... at 195 (explaining that an exclusivity policy imposed by a dominant firm is especially ... . domestic manufacturer of HD truck transmissions. In 1989, ...

  • Present at antitrust's creation: consumer welfare in the Sherman Act's state statutory forerunners.

    ...THE STATES' CONSUMER-WELFARE POLICY A. Prohibition of Restraints on Output and Prices ...Protecting Competition on Behalf of Consumers Alone C. Narrowing the ... of the Sherman Act has dramatically affected the scope of antitrust law in the United States. ... upon those things which relate to international and interstate commerce, and the States, ..., or stock company, foreign or domestic, through their stockholders, trustees, or in any ...

  • 542 U.S. 692 (2004), 03-339, Sosa v. Alvarez-Machain

    ... cause is necessary to connect the domestic breach of duty with the action in the foreign ... to entertain the handful of international law cum common law claims understood in 1789 is ... fact of Alvarez's forcible seizure did not affect the jurisdiction of a federal court. The case was ... bad advice, or the adoption of a negligent policy. If . we were to approve the headquarters ... has also placed the ATS within the competition between federalist and anti federalist forces ... to damages assessed under the antitrust laws. See id. , at 639-646, 101 S.Ct. 2061. ...

  • STRAIGHT PAST GO AND COLLECT $200: A LOOK INTO THE CLAYTON ACT AND VERTICAL MERGERS WITHIN CORPORATE AMERICA.

    ... monopoly market, the seller faces no competition, as he is the sole seller of goods with no close ... Act of 1950, and the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976. (9) . When Congress ... government to regulate foreign and domestic interstate trade. (29) The Court held that ... and seller instead of negatively affecting them. America was built upon the theory of .... Historically, on an international level, the Sherman Act can be seen as a ...Wright, Whither Conservative Merger Policy?, Nat'l Rev., (Jan. 24, 2018, 7:35 AM), available ...

  • 753 F.3d 395 (2nd Cir. 2014), 13-2280, Lotes Co., Ltd. v. Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.

    ... INDUSTRY CO., LTD, FOXCONN INTERNATIONAL HOLDINGS, LTD., FOXCONN ELECTRONICS, INC., ... J.), dismissing the plaintiff's federal antitrust claims for lack of subject matter jurisdiction .... . effect" on U.S. domestic or import commerce under the FTAIA, 15 U.S.C. § ... one another, promoting innovation and competition. Because standards-compliant products can ...55, " [a]nything that affects the price, quantity, or competitive nature of the ... or release contravenes the statutory policy.'" (emphasis omitted) (quoting Brooklyn Sav. ...

  • 441 U.S. 1 (1979), 77-1578, Broadcast Music, Inc. v. Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc.

    ... them is illegal price-fixing under the antitrust laws. Blanket licenses give the licensees the ... with no purpose except stifling of competition," White Motor Co. v. United States , 372 U.S. ...Almost every domestic copyrighted composition is in the repertory ... is a valid and useful tool of antitrust policy and enforcement. 11 And agreements among ... quantity of the product -- that normally affect price in a competitive market. The ASCAP system ...v. United States , 309 U.S. 436; International Business Machines Corp. v. United States , 298 ...

  • The new labor law.

    ...These rights are both recognized in domestic law and enshrined in international law. (396) . ... collective bargaining power that affects wage rates. (398) But unions also have the ...(399) In addition, they can push policymakers to address issues relating to workers, to ensure ... wages and benefits are taken out of competition by local or state law, it makes sense that ...See Gaspard Sebag, McDonald's Faces Antitrust Attack as Unions Complain to EU, Bloomberg (Jan. ...

  • PANDORA'S DIGITAL BOX: THE PROMISE AND PERILS OF DIGITAL WALLETS.

    ...Antitrust Implications of the Honor All Wallets Rules 364 ...Harms to Competition 366 f. Possible Antitrust Violations 370 i. ... changes are significant because they may affect the flow and control of consumer data. Finally, ... by American Express, Discover, JCB International, MasterCard, and Visa. (25) The Card Networks ...For domestic Chip transactions, the routing selection is done ... (other than differences in chargeback policy by issuers). . Variations in type of card, ...

  • 422 U.S. 86 (1975), 73-1933, United States v. Citizens & Southern National Bank

    ... the five acquisitions would lessen competition in relevant banking markets in violation of § 7 ... not to have been in violation of any antitrust laws other than .         § 2 of the ...In short, these banks represented a policy by C&S of de facto branching through the ... . conspiracy to affect prices. But, as we indicate below, the ...v. International Parts Corp., 392 U.S. 134, 141-142. A fortiori, ... Review (Dec.1970); Subcommittee on Domestic Finance of the House Committee on Banking and ...

  • 514 U.S. 549 (1995), 93-1260, United State v. Lopez

    ...' power to regulate activities in and affecting commerce. In reversing, the Court of Appeals held ... "does not comprehend the purely internal domestic commerce of a State which is carried on between ... in 1890, Congress enacted the Sherman Antitrust Act, 26 Stat. 209, as amended, 15 U.S.C. § 1  ... person, would argue that it is wise policy to allow students to carry guns on school ...Hamilton) (discussing "competitions of commerce" between States resulting from state ... . that Congress can regulate international trade and commerce with the Indians. As the ...

  • 731 F.2d 909 (D.C. Cir. 1984), 83-1280, Laker Airways Ltd. v. Sabena, Belgian World Airlines

    ...916. A. Laker's Antitrust Claims ............. 916. B. Litigation ...934. D. International Comity ............... 937. E. Judicial ... against several defendants, including domestic, British, and other foreign airlines, the foreign ... states over transactions substantially affecting several states' interests. These problems are all ...The new competition not only jeopardized the established markets of ... first, since violation of domestic public policy may justify not enforcing the foreign judgment. ...

  • Introduction to the Unified Agenda of Federal Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions

    ...Agency for International Development. Commission on Civil Rights. ...Affected agencies identify in the Unified Agenda those ... sector of the economy, productivity, competition, jobs, the environment, public health or safety, ... judgments of science and judgments of policy. Retrospective analysis of existing rules. ... For many crops, a substantial portion of domestic production is bound for overseas markets. USDA ... part of the Commission's basic mission--antitrust enforcement--is to prohibit anticompetitive ...

  • Duties owed: low-intensity cyber attacks and liability for transboundary torts in international law.

    ... harms within a state, and do not impact policy matters traditionally within the domaine reserve ...]." (142) Based 011 this reasoning, domestic jurisdictions throughout the world, as well as ... demanded by the states likely to be affected." (199) Liability, in other words, entails a ... harm from activities as disparate as antitrust laws, monetary policies, newspapers, and even ... legitimate industrial or agricultural competition."). . In the end, the ILC working group ...

  • From Human Rights Aspirations to Enforceable Obligations by Non-State Actors in the Digital Age: The Case of Internet Governance and ICANN.

    ...ICANN--Quasi-Governmental International Organization? C. Global Human Rights Implications ... to influence democratic elections and affect fundamental rights more broadly. (6) ... companies and quasi-governmental policymaking bodies. (8) . Building on these efforts, in this ...While some scholars have suggested that domestic private law could be used to better enforce this ... escaped human rights regulations and antitrust liability in the U.S. (69) . Beyond the United ... commitments" and CSR not because of competition in the market, but rather to increase public ...

  • FORTY- EIGHTH SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON COMPUTERS, TECHNOLOGY, AND THE LAW.

    ...Havens, Saving Patent Law from Competition Policy and Economic Theories: Kimble v. Marvel ... Considerations in Kirtsaeng Demand International Exhaustion in Patent Law, 50 U. RICH. L. REV. ... and Opposition Outcomes: Evidence from Domestic Appliance Companies, 41 EUR. J. LAW ECON. 183 .... Matthew Sipe, Patent Privateers and Antitrust Fears, 22 MICH. TELECOMM. & TECH. L. REV. 191 ... and the Law Post-Copyright Act of 1976 Affects Entertainment Attorneys' Professional ...

  • The Human Rights Obligations of State-Owned Enterprises: Emerging Conceptual Structures and Principles in National and International Law and Policy.

    ... enterprises; and (iii) ensure that competition between SOEs and private enterprises, where . ... interest in enterprises that are domesticated in foreign states, the relationship becomes even ... of corruption runs not just to those affected by corruption in its various forms, but also goes ... Zhang, The Single-Entity Theory: An Antitrust Time Bomb for Chinese State-Owned Enterprises?, 8 ...

  • Capturing the transplant: U.S. antitrust law in the European Union.

    ... stakeholder on the development of EU competition law explains why, if today the European Union and ... in an attempt to integrate international competition. (9) . This Article introduces a ... disciplines governing competition policy in the United States and in Europe at the time of ...Such tensions affected the negotiations over the content of the Japanese ...Putnam, Diplomacy and Domestic Politics: The Logic of Two-Level Games, in ...