effects of underpopulation
__ U.S. __ (2015), 13-1314, Ariz. State Legis. v. Ariz. Indep. Redistricting Comm'n
Under Arizona’s Constitution, voters may, by ballot initiative, adopt laws and constitutional amendments and may approve or disapprove measures passed by the legislature. Proposition 106 (2000), an initiative aimed preventing gerrymandering, amended Arizona’s Constitution, removing redistricting authority from the legislature and vesting it in an independent commission. After the 2010 census, the
... 6 . . . . The Court also overstates the effects of enforcing the plain meaning of the Constitution in this case. There is ... overpopulation of Republican plurality districts and underpopulation of Democratic plurality districts" as " old-fashioned partisan ...
__ U.S. __ (2015), 13-895, Alabama Legislative Black Caucus v. Alabama
... [in Senate District 26] is a reasonable response to the underpopulation of the District" ). . In our view, however, an equal ... created by the DOJ's max-black policy, and the ossifying effects of the 2006 amendments--are the [135 S.Ct. 1283] primary culprits in ...
GERRYMANDERING AND THE CONSTITUTIONAL NORM AGAINST GOVERNMENT PARTISANSHIP.
... second challenge of an objective standard for excessive partisan effects. An objective standard for excessive partisan effects has been ... to Larios, Democratic-leaning districts tended toward underpopulation and Republican-leaning districts tended toward overpopulation, as signal ...
Moral arguments for land redistribution in contemporary Zimbabwe and Gracchan Rome: a comparative and critical analysis.
... the main problem facing rural Italy was overpopulation not underpopulation, that is, farms were productive. One cannot, therefore, help but see an ... side of the unpredictability of action is lack of control over its effects (see Arendt 1998). Arendt aptly argues thus: . Action sets things in ...
Convictions and doubts: retribution, representation, and the debate over felon disenfranchisement.
... in Florida powerfully demonstrated the outcome-determinative effects of criminal disenfranchisement laws even as the 2000 census drove home ...(69) They enable the underpopulation of rural, overwhelmingly white districts relative to urban, heavily ...
293 F.3d 1261 (11th Cir. 2002), 01-10859, Clark v. Putnam County
...effects of past racial discrimination," Shaw, 509 U.S. at 656, 113 S.Ct. 2816, ... were already over-represented as the result of the underpopulation of these districts in relation to Districts 3 and 4. Thus, in this case, ...
Solving the looming labor crisis: a growing number of retirees, declining fertility rates, and a labor force that simply does not possess the right skills to meet employers' needs are leading to shortages of workers for many positions.
.... The underpopulation trend . The situation, which will probably be felt by employers within ... other sectors that face labor shortages, could have devastating effects on companies' ability to compete in the increasingly global marketplace. . ...
Rice, resistance, and forced transatlantic communities: (re)envisioning the African Diaspora in Low Country Georgia, 1750-1800.
... that helped to shield them from the physical and psychological effects of enslavement. African's worldviews, and the cultural beliefs and ...E. Inikori, "Underpopulation in Nineteenth Century West Africa: The Role of the Export Slave Trade," in ...
"Multiply and replenish": considering same-sex marriage in light of state interests in marital procreation.
... is occurring around the world that will have revolutionary effects in many countries. The United Nations reports that populations will ....."); Friedman, supra note 92, at 205 ("No longer can underpopulation be seen as a problem for this country or the world. Overpopulation is a ...
AGO 1970 No. 28.
...But the demonstration that a. particular multi-member scheme effects an invidious result must appear from. evidence in the record. Cf. ... some predetermined over-underpopulation range of 15% or 10% or 5%, or even 3%,. we believe it would be ...