business policy as a field of study
- 8 C.F.R. 214.2 - Special requirements for admission, extension, and maintenance of status
- 44 CFR 59.1 - Definitions
- 48 C.F.R. § 2.101 - Definitions
- 43 CFR 46.210 - Listing of Departmental categorical exclusions
461 U.S. 190 (1983), 81-1945, Pacific Gas And Elec. Co. v. State Energy Resources Conservation & Development Com'n
... statute lies outside the federally occupied field of nuclear safety regulation. Pp. 1722-1728. . ...' recent passage of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 directed at that problem. Because ...v. Carolina Environmental Study Group, Inc., 438 U.S. 59, 82, 98 S.Ct. 2620, ... to obtain approval for practices a business regulated in less detail would be free to ...
558 U.S. 310 (2010), 08-205, Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission
... political ideas, did not engage in business activities, and did not accept contributions from ..." [S]tare decisis is a principle of policy and not a mechanical formula of adherence to ... extension of corporate enterprise in the field of business," Davis 8, and represented ...Congress devoted years of careful study to the issues underlying BCRA; "[f]ew legislative ...
- 13 C.F.R. 121.201 - What size standards has SBA identified by North American Industry Classification System codes?
570 U.S. 136 (2013), 12-416, Federal Trade Commission v. Actavis, Inc.
... invalid. But since public policy favors the settlement of. disputes, it held ... also Brief for 118 Law, Economics, and Business. Professors et al. as Amici Curiae 25 ... post, at 2234 - 2236, but scholars in the field tell. us that "where only one party owns a ... 7.1c, at 7-5, n. 6. One study found that the cost of. litigation in this ...
555 U.S. 70 (2008), 07-562, Altria Group, Inc. v. Good
... Federal Trade Commission's actions in this field pre-empt respondents'. state-law fraud claim. ... . to the purported policy of the FTC allowing the use of descriptive terms. ... Illinois Consumer Fraud and Deceptive Business Practices Act, Ill. Comp. Stat., ch. 815, §505 ... result of petitioners' failure to disclose study results showing that Cambridge Filter Method test ...
438 U.S. 265 (1978), 7811, Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
... race can ever be a factor in an admissions policy is not an issue here; that Title VI applies; and ... more on his personal viewpoints than upon a study of the total problem." Id. at 226. Dr. Lowrey ... "It is the business of a university to provide that atmosphere which ...And in the admissions field, as I have indicated, educational institutions ...
416 U.S. 470 (1974), 73-187, Kewanee Oil Co. v. Bicron Corp.
... (c) The federal patent policy of encouraging invention is not disturbed by the ... of information which is used in one's business, and which gives him an opportunity to obtain an ... concept of invention, developed from the study of the many independent multiple discoveries in ... of a congressional design to preempt the field. . Florida Avocado Growers v. ...
43 F.3d 1311 (9th Cir. 1995), 90-55397, Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
...P80-45 (Oct. 7, 1980). Every published study here and abroad--and there have been ... are experts in a particular scientific field; here, for example, the Supreme Court waxed ..., so to speak, in the usual course of business and must normally satisfy a variety of standards ... objective source--a learned treatise, the policy statement of a professional association, a ...
__ U.S. __, 18-15, Kisor v. Wilkie
... their expertise-based, policymaking functions. Pp. 2421 -. 2423. . . ... has no business deferring to any other reading, no matter how. ... in its field. Just as a court "would want to know what. ... as a Canon, Not a Precedent: An Empirical Study. of What Motivates Justices in Agency ...
533 U.S. 525 (2001), 00-596, Lorillard Tobacco Co. v. Reilly
... scheme that occupies the legislative field, see, e. g., Fidelity Fed. Sav. & Loan Assn. v. ..., there is an established congressional policy that supports such laws; Congress has required ...Reg. 41332. Another study revealed that 72% of 6 year olds and 52% of ... "secondary effects" caused by adult businesses. The regulations here are very ...
__ U.S. __ (2016), 15-474, McDonnell v. United States
Former Virginia Governor McDonnell, and his wife were indicted on honest services fraud and Hobbs Act extortion charges related to their acceptance of $175,000 in loans, gifts, and other benefits from Williams, the CEO of Star Scientific, which developed Anatabloc, a nutritional supplement made from a compound found in tobacco. Williams wanted McDonnell’s assistance in getting public universities
... from Virginia businessman Jonnie Williams, while Governor. McDonnell ... concerning any subject, including a broad policy issue such. as Virginia economic ... universities would initiate a study of Anatabloc; (2) whether. Virginia's ... that " a statute in this field that can linguistically. be interpreted to ...
- 26 CFR 601.201 - Rulings and determinations letters
157 U.S. 429 (1895), 898, Pollock v. Farmers' Loan and Trust Company
... $300,000 above its actual operating and business expenses, including losses and interest on bonded ..., and shows that they had made a careful study of many forms of government. Many of the framers ... United States, and it is not a part of the policy of the government which issues them to subject .... FIELD, J., separate opinion. MR. ...
- 32 CFR 199.2 - Definitions
561 U.S. 593 (2010), 08-964, Bilski v. Kappos
..." that would categorically exclude business methods. The term "method" within §100(b)'s ... of patent law would be well advised to study these scholarly opinions. ... Financial Method Patents, Innovation, and Policy, 56 Scottish J. Pol. Econ. 443, 445 (2009) ... would preempt use of this approach in all fields, and would effectively grant a monopoly over an ...
354 U.S. 234 (1957), 175, Sweezy v. New Hampshire
...No field of education is so thoroughly comprehended by man ... must always remain free to inquire, to study and to evaluate, to gain new maturity and ... . . . It is the business of a university to provide that atmosphere which ... sanctioned bears any resemblance to the policy against which this South African remonstrance was ...
434 U.S. 452 (1978), 76-635, United States Steel Corp. v. Multistate Tax Commission
...2 It also authorized a study for the purpose of recommending legislation ... States in taxing income of interstate businesses. Although. . the results of the study were ...Justice Field in his opinion for the Court in Virginia v. ... taxpayers, in conflict with federal policy concerning the taxation of foreign corporations. ...
__ U.S. __ (2015), 13-1371, Texas Dep't of Hous. & Cmty. Affairs v. Inclusive Cmtys. Project, Inc.
The federal government provides low-income housing tax credits that are distributed to developers by state agencies, including the Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs. The Inclusive Communities Project (ICP), which assists low-income families in obtaining affordable housing, brought a disparate-impact claim under Fair Housing Act sections 804(a) and 805(a), alleging that allocation...
... entities are able to make the practical business choices and profit-related decisions that sustain ... plaintiff cannot point to a defendant's policy or policies causing that disparity. A robust ...'s guidelines from those years are a case study in Blumrosen's " creative interpretation." ...,' such barriers must also give way in the field of housing." Id., at 1184 (quoting Griggs , ...
488 U.S. 361 (1989), 87-7028, Mistretta v. United States
... of the Judicial Branch in creating policy on a matter uniquely within the ken of judges. ... Field v. Clark, 143 U.S. 649, 692 (1892). We also have ... rules for the conduct of its own business and to prescribe rules of procedure for lower ... court business," in part by "a continuous study of the operation and effect of the general rules ...
540 U.S. 712 (2004), 02-1315, Locke v. Davey
... double major in pastoral ministries and business management/administration. It is undisputed that ... It has then carved out a solitary course of study for exclusion: theology. Wash.Rev.Code § ...No field of study but religion is singled out for disfavor ... some religious belief, but the State's policy poses no obstacle to practitioners of only a ...
390 U.S. 747 (1968), Permian Basin Area Rate Cases
...A Statement of General Policy was issued by the FPC, asserting its authority to ...The FPC aid not use prevailing field prices in calculating rates, but utilized ... than any phase of any other utility business." Id. at 647. Moreover, the number both of ...The rate of return was selected after study of the returns recently permitted to interstate ...