two-party system disadvantages
Electoral System Under Glass
... tried. The same may be said about our electoral system, which allocates legislative seats on a first-past-the-post, winner-takes-all basis. The current system has many disadvantages, most notably its propensity to discriminate against minor parties operating outside the increasingly uncompetitive, cozy two-party system.
Rutan v. Republican Party of Ill., 497 U.S. 62 (1990)
... freeze, the Governor was operating a political patronage system; that they had suffered discrimination in state employment ... must choose methods that broadly distribute the disadvantages imposed by affirmative action plans among innocent parties. The ...
The Affordable Care Act, the constitutional meaning of statutes, and the emerging doctrine of positive constitutional rights.
...But the South had been rebuilt based on an elaborate system of apartheid, (217) and the Court in Plessy was unwilling to ..., not the courts, to balance the advantages and disadvantages of the [statute]. The day is gone when this Court uses the Due ...
Arbitration Vs. Litigation: An Unintentional Experiment
... enough to be instructive on the advantages and disadvantages of using arbitration and litigation. This article compares key aspects of these two cases. Arbitration led to a resolution in much less time overall and allowed t...
The role of charity in a federal system.
...(232) . But subsidies for charity also have some fiscal disadvantages. Charities do not spend all of the money they receive on public goods; much is consumed in ...
Buckley v. Valeo, 424 U.S. 1 (per curiam) (1976)
... values by public exposure of the federal election system. Pp. 74-82. (c) The extension of the recordkeeping provisions to ... no basis for concluding that the Act invidiously disadvantages such candidates. As noted above, the Act on its face treats all ...
Davis v. Bandemer, 478 U.S. 109 (1986)
... discrimination occurs only when the electoral system is arranged in a manner that will consistently degrade a voter's ... found only where the electoral system substantially disadvantages certain voters in their opportunity to influence the political ...
Hope, tropes, and dopes: hispanic and white racial animus in the 2008 election.
... nomination and election served as shocks to the political system and to political science research investigating the role of race ... longer much discriminated against, so  remaining disadvantages must result mostly from their own lack of effort.  Recent ...
Hope, Tropes, and Dopes: Hispanic and White Racial Animus in the 2008 Election
One of the central questions surrounding the 2008 presidential election is the role of race in shaping electoral choice among non-Hispanic whites, and whether race played an equivalent role among Hispanics, whose willingness to vote for an African American candidate was raised as an uncertainty during the primary campaign. The authors argue that, beyond the usual association of racial sentiment...
... nomination and election served as shocks to the political system and to political science research investigating the role of race ... longer much discriminated against, so 2] remaining disadvantages must result mostly from their own lack of effort.  Recent ...
Cloaking police misconduct in privacy: why the Massachusetts anti-wiretapping statute should allow for the surreptitious recording of police officers.
... advancements have revolutionized the criminal justice system, including the advent of recording custodial interrogations. .... (117.) See id. (highlighting advantages and disadvantages of citizen review boards in investigating police misconduct ...
Rural Energy for America Program
... loan guarantees available for renewable energy systems (RES) and energy efficiency improvements (EEI) and for the grants available for energy audits and for renewable energy development assistance.
The contemporary presidency: do Nebraska and Maine have the right idea? The political and partisan implications of the district system.
...(6) . Subsequent critics have also argued that the district system disadvantages Democrats because their presidential votes are more geographically concentrated than Republicans' ...
Arbitration of trust disputes: two bodies of law collide.
... of internal sorting mechanism within a national judicial system rather than a method of denying the availability of alternative ...] 16-79 to -80 (discussing the advantages and disadvantages of a case-specific approach to arbitrability). . (475.) Cf. ...
Self-Regulatory Organizations; Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board; Notice of Filing of a Proposed Rule Change Consisting of Proposed New Rule G-42, on Duties of Non-Solicitor Municipal Advisors, and Proposed Amendments to Rule G-8, on Books and Records To Be Made by Brokers, Dealers, Municipal Securities Dealers, and Municipal Advisors
... SEC's Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis, and Retrieval system (``EDGAR''). A municipal advisor could alternatively meet this ... requirement would result in the competitive disadvantages described by NAIPFA. First, underwriters are required to make ...
Protecting and Promoting the Open Internet
In this document, the Federal Communications Commission (Commission) establishes rules to protect and promote the open Internet. Specifically, the Open Internet Order adopts bright-line rules that prohibit blocking, throttling, and paid prioritization; a rule preventing broadband providers from unreasonably interfering or disadvantaging consumers or edge providers from reaching one another on the
... mobile broadband connections with the device, operating systems, applications, Internet services, and content of their choice. ... face unreasonable interference or unreasonable disadvantages, and makes clear that the standard is not limited to whether a ...
Carbon dioxide: our newest pollutant.
... difficult to specify any function that points to some systematic lagged temperature increase, for, if that were the case, the 1998 ... back on your pollutants." This scheme also has its disadvantages. First, negotiations for international treaties are not completed ...
11 Libertarian Party of ND v. Alvin Jaeger, (8th Cir. 2011)
... statute "'freezes the status quo'" of a two-party system, or whether "[i]t affords minority political parties a real and ... in further considerations, namely whether the law disadvantages one group over another so as to result in unequal treatment and ...
The Ties That Bind? Regionalism, Commercial Treaties, and the Future of Global Economic Integration
... the hegemony of the multilateral trading system, they have paid no attention to the equally far-reaching tensions arising between regional and bilateral agreements themselves. Instead, scholars almost universally have treated bilateral and regional commercial agreements as functionally indistinguishable. This article draws on recent case studies to show that bilateral commercial treaties comprise a distinct and important mode of...
Constitutional design in the ancient world.
... forms of ancient constitutionalism outweigh the disadvantages. . Even if the use of a single or an outsider founder is ... principles, they were in many cases the first systematic attempt to set forth in writing the community's norms and ...
Divide and concur: bipartisanship in Washington is dead. Maybe now we can get something done.
... a report in 1950 calling for "A Responsible Two-Party System," like the strong and ideologically coherent parties we have ... evolution is fascinating, and it is not without its disadvantages. But we now have parties that offer a choice. Brownstein sees ...
The Controversy Over Electing Judges and Advocacy in Political Science*
... elections themselves were a reform to appointive systems, as a means to protect judicial independence from executive and legislative encroachment and to give citizens a voice in the judicial selection process(e.g., Sheldon and Maule, 1997).
Manley O, Hudson medal lecture.
... on their cognitive maps of the world, i.e., the value system that they develop subconsciously, ingrained through life ... of the proliferation of tribunals outweighing any disadvantages of fragmentation. And, while fragmentation may seem to cut ...
The virtues of presidential government: why Professor Ackerman is wrong to prefer the German to the U.S. Constitution.
... of German style parliamentary government to our American system of the presidential separation of powers. (3) How can this be? ... the advantages of presidentialism far outweigh the disadvantages for me in the abstract, I am well aware that these regime choices ...
- The Party's Over: Partisan Gerrymandering and the First Amendment
Separate Parts In This Issue
Securities and Exchange Commission,
... securities exchange or automated inter-dealer quotation system of a national securities association. The proposed amendment is ... or ordinary shares? What are the advantages and disadvantages of these shares to market participants, including investors, ...