import substitution industrialization latin america

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99 documents for import substitution industrialization latin america
  • The world is also watching the rise of "new leftist" leaders, such as the strong-willed, if somewhat eccentric Hugo Chavez of Venezuela and the embattled indigenous spokesman Evo Morales of Bolivia, who are not only preaching their ideas of a socialist polity, but putting it into action in the form of constitutional amendments and social programs. Most of Latin America by now has abandoned Import Substitution Industrialization (ISI)-based economic policies and has become more open and export-oriented, relentlessly following the neo-liberal strategies recommended by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank.

  • This paper examines both the imports and exports of non-maquiladora Mexican firms, theorizing that importing is generally motivated by exploration for new resources and exporting by exploitation of existing resources. Our results indicate that firm size is positively related to both imports and exports, while low cost labor advantage is positively associated with exports but not significantly related to imports. Because importing may precede exporting, it should be considered as part of the internationalization process of firms and as a key way to acquire resources before exploiting them through exporting.

    ... important for many emerging market firms in Latin America because of the history of import tion industrialization (ISI) policies in that region. However, since the ...

  • ...Free Trade with Latin America 22&23:2. MERCOSUR/ CAN 22&23:2. Canada: ...Disaster relief 16:2. Imports 17&18:7. Iranian relations 14:8. 22&23:2-5. ...Venezuela 12&13:11. Import Substitution Industrialization: Latin America 21:2. ...

  • ... (1821-1950), El Salvador experimented with import-substitution-based industrialization (1950-1988) ... model still en vogue throughout much of Latin America. All three systems relied heavily on ...

  • This paper explores the advantages and limits of the territorial focus as a strategy of reducing inequalities in rural areas by way of analysis of recent decentralization experiences in the state of Santa Catarina, in southern Brazil. Examined in particular are the implementation process of the Federal Ministry of Agrarian Development and its interface with the process of political-administrative decentralization implemented by the government of Santa Catarina. We seek further comprehension of the impact of such dynamics in the reduction of regional inequality, seeking to identify the mechanisms moving this process and the institutional blockages encountered in their implementation.

    ... scholarship on social equity, the importance of space has also been poorly developed in ...* Import substitution industrialization from the 1940s, a strategy ... in debates in the Economic Commission for Latin America (CEPAL). * Establishment of the ...

  • Chávez made it his business to see that it went up quickly and remained there for most of his presidency, showing a shrewd understanding of international markets and the need to work with Middle East producers and other opec members. [...]Latin America's resilience during the global economic crisis was no accident. Foreign policy legitimacy and effectiveness in Latin America today are partly based on the ability to work with the regional consensus, such as it is (and with the regional entities that embody it)-not against it. [...]the so-called "realist paradigm," which concentrates on the individual actions of the major regional powers- Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Venezuela-won't explain much of what is happening in Latin America today.

    ...'s most recently created and potentially important body. As a result, Cuba will also lead the ... Consensus, ditching import substitution industrialization, and embracing the notion that ...

  • The use of rights for progressive purposes is not new in the region. Since the 1990s, the role of judges in the adjudication of constitutionally protected economic, social, and cultural rights has been described by many11 as the most effective way for the state to channel social services toward hitherto excluded segments of society, including formal and informal workers, marginalized identity groups, and women.

    ... of redistributive legal transformations in Latin America, taking as its first example Colombia. I ... on the year 1999 illustrate how important social and economic rights have been to workers, ..., the truth is that during Import Substitution Industrialization (ISI) the jobs were thought of ...

  • Who were the Chicago Boys and what was their path into Pinochet's dictatorship? Speculation abounds about the motives of these Chilean born, U.S. educated economists who came to play a pivotal role in Pinochet's regime. This paper will examine the education of the Chicago Boys at the University of Chicago and their subsequent rise into Pinochet's government. The Chicago Boys' historical path suggests that their influence in Chilean politics cannot be reduced to U.S. political motivations or ideology, but rather must take into consideration the transformation of foreign aid policies and the economic environment of the time.

    ... to the rise of neoclassical economics in Latin America, those who claim that domestic groups ...Several important connections were made during these early training ...This viewpoint encouraged import-substitution that defined many Latin American economies for ... of secondary imports, import industrialization, . . . expanding export markets by liberalizing ...

  • ... had increased because Mexico was now importing basic foodstuffs (Massey et al. 2002). The ...The shift toward industrialization that was established during the Porfiriato ... established a policy of import substitution industrialization (ISI), which created internal ...

  • Neoliberalism has failed to effect economic reforms and advancement in Latin America as of 1993. Under neoliberalism, trade indices among Latin American countries deteriorated, despite an increased openness of the countries to foreign investment. Moreover, export earnings were dependent on the countries' export of primary products. Calculations for gross national product and gross domestic product showed that the countries' growth rates were lower than the period when neo-liberal reforms were introduced.

    ... failures of the structuralist-inspired import substitution approach to development of prior ... enjoy the dynamic benefits of industrialization. Their analysis led them to conclude that if ...

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