Global climate governance to enhance biodiversity and well-being: integrating non-state networks and public international law in tropical forests.
... REDD attractive to both host countries and market participants by eliminating cost-based advantages of mitigation-only projects, without unduly intruding upon the sovereign authority of tropical ...(126) Essentially, developed countries are permitted to invest in afforestation and reforestation activities (but not antideforestation measures) in developing countries as a ...
Rep. Tim Holden Holds a Hearing On Agricultural Offset Costs and Benefits
... practices -- for example, reduced tillage, increased fertilizer efficiency, afforestation, animal management, such as dietary modification, and manure management, such as biogas capture. ... program, I think, is to be able to quantify this in a way that allows producers to take advantages of these technologies to gain greenhouse gas offsets. CASSIDY: My last comment, just because I'm ...
Playing without aces: offsets and the limits of flexibility under Clean Air Act climate policy.
... offsets are broadly compatible with the statute and that Congress was aware of their advantages, particularly when regulation threatens to impose large costs. . Offsets are not unknown in CAA ... are potential sources of sequestration offsets, which are specifically referred to as afforestation offsets. (153) Correspondingly, policies that allow the use of such offsets give landowners the ...
Rep. Tim Holden Holds a Hearing On the Economic Impacts of Climate Change in the Farm Sector
... or changes in land use due to added fuel production or carbon sequestration through afforestation, both could further affect output prices and farm income. I will deal with this tomorrow in more -- ...And also it's just clean, good clean energy. GLAUBER: Well, I think there are a lot of advantages for natural gas and certainly in terms of (inaudible) et cetera, however, on the greenhouse gas ...
- World News Update: UNFCCC Green Climate Fund Created
Sovereign Investing in Times of Crisis: Global Regulation of Sovereign Wealth Funds, State-Owned Enterprises, and the Chinese Experience
The financial crisis of 2007 has brought into sharper focus a set of rising global financial actors-the sovereign investors. In the form of sovereign wealth funds ("SWFs"), sovereigns have become an important player in the global financial market and its stability. Over the last decade, SWFs became more visible and more aggressive in the scope and form of their interventions in global...
Should Emissions Trading Be Exempt From Stamp Duty And Capital Gains Tax?
... transactions which are necessary to create carbon credits, or those which relate to afforestation. The connection of that duty to the ETS is less obvious, as transactions could occur for purposes ... duty regime, conversely, there is only a net benefit to the state, with no offsetting advantages to any party. Further, the skewing caused by differential duty rates and outcomes cannot be easily ...
Implementation of Biological Sequestration Offsets in a Carbon Reduction Policy: Answers to Key Questions for a Successful Domestic Offset Program
To ensure a successful atmospheric carbon reduction policy, a domestic offset program that utilizes broad biological sequestration must be implemented in addition to conventional source emission reduction. A successful offset program will incorporate current conservation programs within a broad sequestration policy to reduce concerns of additionality, provide methods to mitigate the impacts of...
Climate change, adaptation, and development.
...(54) Emissions taxes have various advantages over tradeable permits including the prospect of a "double dividend." (55) The taxes would create ... a term with ominous connotations, but which denotes uncontroversial measures, such as afforestation to absorb more carbon dioxide, as well as more controversial (potential) measures such as ...
Constitutional implications of regional C[O.sub.2] cap-and-trade programs: the northeast regional greenhouse gas initiative as a case in point.
... as a violation of the Dormant Commerce Clause because it was "designed to neutralize advantages belonging to the place of origin." (63) Of course, the only advantage belonging to the other states ... in emissions of sulfur hexafluoride (S[F.sub.6]); sequestration of carbon due to afforestation; reduction or avoidance of C[O.sub.2] emissions from natural gas, oil, or propane end-use ...
The poverty of Africa's position at the Climate Change Convention negotiations.
... controversial issue relates to whether carbon sequestration projects -- essentially afforestation and similar projects -- would be eligible for CDM credits. Article 12(5)(b) requires that projects ... multilateral or bilateral? Developing countries -- in particular the smaller ones -- see advantages in a system in which the CDM executive board has a portfolio of projects presented to it by ...
... category are emissions and sequestration of CO2from activities such as deforestation, afforestation, forest management and management of agricultural soils. Emissions and sequestration depend on ... issues in greater depth because of their importance to designing effective GHG controls: advantages of market-oriented regulatory approaches, economy-wide and sector-based regulation under the CAA, ...
Unraveling the global warming regime complex: competitive entrophy in the regulation of the global public good.
... expected to occur as a result of earlier investments (e.g., in reforestation or afforestation projects) that have delayed GHG-reducing effects. (72) That is, if parties do not have .... While both methods of certification have advantages and disadvantages, most commentators favor ex post certification because it largely avoids ...
Path Insistence: Comparing European and American Attitudes Toward Energy.
...The high-energy path that they take to be natural will hold attractive short-term advantages for perhaps the next two decades, but over the long term this path may lead to severe and almost ... actions to increase carbon sinks or reservoirs, for example through reforestation or afforestation.(35) At each summit, U.S. negotiators wanted to deal with pollution and global warming as a ...
Institutions for Scientific Advice: global environmental assessments and their influence in developing countries.
... conference, gives much weight to conserving and using biodiversity and to promoting afforestation. (50) On 18 February 1994, India also ratified the biodiversity convention. New biodiversity ... and food security vis-a-vis modern biotechnology while not forgoing its possible advantages; (55) and ho w to reconcile biodiversity protection with the development needs of the people, ...
Biomass Energy and the Poor in the Developing World.
.... Despite the economic and environmental advantages resulting from the use of agro-industrial residues, most countries do not yet avail themselves of ...11-21. . (18) Dennis Anderson, Economics of Afforestation: A Case Study in Africa. (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987) pp. 8-14. . (19) ...
Chapter IV. Treaties concerning international law concluded under
the auspices of the United Nations and related intergovernmental
Treaties concerning international law concluded under the auspices of the United Nations Agreement on International Railways in the Arab Mashreq. Done at Beirut, 14 April 2003 309 Protocol on strategic environmental assessment to the Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context. Done at Kiev, 21 May 2003 319 Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers....